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Climate - Serbia

Temperature, rainfall, prevailing weather conditions, when to go, what to pack

See also the US version (°F - inches - feet)

Flag - Serbia

Map - Serbia

In Serbia, the climate is continental, with cold winters and hot summers. The average temperatures in Belgrade and in the cities of the plains are around 0 °C or slightly higher in January, and around 22 °C in July.
Here are the average temperatures of the capital Belgrade.
Belgrade average temperatures
Belgrade J F M A M J J A S O N D
Min (°C) -2 0 3 8 12 15 16 16 13 8 4 0
Max (°C) 4 6 12 18 23 25 27 27 24 18 11 5

The country can be affected by cold air masses of Siberian origin, as well as by warm air masses from the Mediterranean or even Africa, so the temperature can vary greatly depending on the weather situation.
The climate in the area is fairly homogeneous: in southern Serbia and Kosovo (which is not yet clear whether it will become an autonomous region or an independent state), the southern latitude is offset by the higher altitude (being an hilly area), therefore the temperature can be even lower than in the rest of the country: in Priština, at 575 metres above sea level, the average in January is -1 °C, and in July it's 20 °C, and nights remain quite cool even in summer: the average minimum is 12/13 °C.
Here are the average temperatures of Priština.
Priština average temperatures
Priština J F M A M J J A S O N D
Min (°C) -5 -3 0 4 9 11 13 12 9 5 1 -3
Max (°C) 2 6 11 16 21 24 26 27 23 17 10 4

Only in the south-western mountainous area, which reaches 1,500 metres, the climate gets much colder, with cold and snowy winters and cool summers.

Rainfall follows different patterns depending on area, but June is quite rainy, especially because of afternoon thunderstorms, which may occur from May, touching the maximum in June, and then decrease in July and August, without disappearing altogether until the summer ends.
For the rest, the western regions are generally rainier than the eastern ones; in the former even the months of November, December and January are quite rainy (or snowy).
The annual rainfall drops below 600 mm in northern Vojvodina, on the border with Hungary and Romania; it remains around 600 mm in eastern Serbia, on the border with Romania and Bulgaria, and in the south; it's between 600 and 700 mm in central Serbia and in Belgrade; and finally it exceeds 700 mm in western Serbia.
Here is the average precipitation in Belgrade.
Average precipitation Belgrade
Belgrade J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Prec. (mm) 45 45 45 55 75 95 60 55 50 55 60 55 695
Days 9 8 7 8 9 8 5 5 4 7 9 9 88

In Kosovo, the annual rainfall is around 800 mm in the western part (Pec, Prizren), while it's considerably lower in the eastern part (Mitrovica, Priština), where it's around 550/600 mm.
Here is the average precipitation in Pristina.
Average precipitation Priština
Priština J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Prec. (mm) 40 35 40 50 70 60 50 45 40 45 70 55 600
Days 14 12 11 12 13 12 8 8 8 9 12 15 133

In the mountain regions, which are more rainy, precipitation exceeds even 1,000 mm per year.
August and September are typically the months with the lowest number of rainy days.
In winter, even where the amount of precipitation is not high, the frequency is still fairly high, which means that there are frequent snowfalls, though typically not abundant.


Winter, from December to February, in Serbia is cold. Some periods are cloudy or foggy, with temperatures around freezing, while in other period, cold winds of Arctic or Russian origin prevail, and they can break out violently in the country, followed by intense frosts, when cold air settles on the ground. In these situations, the minimum temperature may drop to about -20 °C.
On other occasions, mild air masses from the Mediterranean can penetrate in the country: in these cases, the daytime temperature can exceed 10 °C, especially in the south-central, and more rarely in the north.

Spring is an unstable season, with mild periods alternating with sudden returns of cold weather, in which late snowfalls can occur, in March and sometimes even in April.

Summer, from June to August, is hot, with a wide daily temperature range, and generally with cool nights. In fact, lows are often around 14/15 °C, and highs around 30 °C. But at times, warm air masses from Africa can reach the country, and the continentality makes the heat oppressive, with temperatures that can exceed 40 °C; however, these periods are usually brief.

Autumn is not very rainy, because the bulk of the moisture carried by the Atlantic frontal systems is deposited as precipitation on the western side, in the countries overlooking the Adriatic Sea. Only in the westernmost area, the autumn becomes rainy, at least in November.

When to go

The best time to visit Serbia and Kosovo is from May to September. In May and June, afternoon thunderstorms are possible, less frequently in July and August, in which in return there can be hot days. In general, nights are cool, except during the most intense heat waves. Those who suffer from the heat, can avoid July and August. It may therefore be interesting the month of September, usually sunny and pleasantly warm.

What to pack

In winter: warm clothes, sweater or fleece, down jacket, hat, gloves and scarf, raincoat or umbrella.

In summer: light clothes, T-shirts and shorts, but also long pants, light jacket and sweatshirt for the evening; raincoat or umbrella.

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