Index



In Malaysia, an Asian state located just north of the equator, the climate is equatorial, ie hot, humid and rainy throughout the year. Temperatures are high and stable, with a slight decrease between November and January, when highs drop to 29/30 °C (84/86 °F), at least in the north, and a slight increase (which, however, is felt because of the high humidity) between March and August, when highs hover around 32/33 °C (90/91 °F) and lows around 23/25 °C (73/77 °F).
Rainfall is abundant and frequent throughout the year, in fact, it is difficult to find an area where it is lower than 2,000 millimeters (79 inches) per year, or a month when it is lower than 100 mm (4 in); however, it is possible to find periods when it is not too high, although they are not the same everywhere.
The rains are caused by the monsoon regime, however, being that Malaysia is near the Equator and surrounded by the sea, there is no real dry season. In addition, the rains, as is generally the case in tropical countries, are quite erratic from year to year.
However, the monsoons make precipitation more abundant and frequent in the areas directly exposed to these winds: between mid-October and January, the northeast monsoon prevails, affecting especially the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia and the north-east coast of Borneo, while between June and September, it's the period of the southwest monsoon, which, in Malaysia, usually produces weaker effects.
It should be noted, however, that the tropical rains occur mainly in the form of intense downpours or thunderstorms, usually in the afternoon, so there's no shortage of sunshine, at least in the morning, when the weather conditions are generally good.
The country is divided into two parts: Peninsular Malaysia, also called Western Malaysia, located in the Malay Peninsula, and Eastern Malaysia, or Malaysian Borneo, located on the island of Borneo.

1- Peninsular Malaysia



Peninsular Malaysia, east coast

The east coast of Peninsular Malaysia is directly affected by the northeast monsoon; here, from 2,500 to 3,000 mm (98 to 118 in) of rain fall per year. The rains are very abundant in November and December, when they even exceed 500 mm (20 in) per month. In general, December is the rainiest month. This unfavorable period can linger until January, especially in the central and southern part, and during some years, even in the norhern one.

Kota Bharu

In Kota Bharu, in the far north, near the border with Thailand, November and December are clearly distinguishable as the worst months, in fact, they are characterized by torrential rains. The best period is from February to April, when rainfall often drops below 100 mm (4 in) per month (but not in all years), and February is the absolute best because it is a bit less hot. The rains gradually increase again by May, but as mentioned, there is a substantial increase only in November. This trend is also found in the nearby Redang and Perhentian archipelagos, where tourist facilities are often closed from November to January.
Here is the average precipitation in Kota Bharu.
Kota Bharu - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)2501401701151601501401652102106156152940
Prec.(in)9.85.56.74.56.35.95.56.58.38.324.224.2115.7
Days1791091312141417202122178

In Kota Bharu, as in the rest of Malaysia, it's hot all year round. Here are the average temperatures.
Kota Bharu - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)232323242424242423242323
Max (°C)293031333333323232313029
Min (°F)737373757575757573757373
Max (°F)848688919191909090888684

The sun in Kota Bharu is seen quite rarely in the wettest months, November and December, while it often shines in the least rainy period, from February to May.
Kota Bharu - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours788987777655

In Kota Bharu, and in general in Malaysia, the sea is warm throughout the year, as can be seen in the following table.
Kota Bharu - Sea temperature
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temp (°C)272828303030292929292928
Temp (°F)818282868686848484848482

Continuing south (see Kuala Terengganu), and therefore moving closer to the Equator, the trend remains similar, but the driest period from February to April becomes less noticeable, so there is no substantial difference from February to July, which therefore is the best period of the year. However, in this period too, it can rain, in fact the rainfall is still above 100 mm (4 in) per month. A similar trend is found more to the south, on the island of Tioman, where there is more or less the same amount of rainfall from February to September, although, after all, the best month is February here as well.

Peninsular Malaysia, west

Along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia, which overlooks the Strait of Malacca, the rains are a bit less abundant, in fact, they range from 1,800 to 2,500 mm (70 to 98 in) per year. Moreover, the rainfall pattern is substantially different: there is no peak between November and January, which are relatively dry months, especially in the north, since there are mountains in the interior that block the north-eastern winds, which as previously mentioned, prevail in this period.

Langkawi

In Langkawi, an island located a short distance from the coast, less than 100 mm (4 in) or fain fall from December to March, which therefore is the best period; in particular, January and February are quite dry, with about 50 mm (2 in) per month, which is lucky for a country so rainy. The rainiest months in Langkawi are September and October, although the rains do not reach the peaks of the east coast: they are around 300/350 mm (12/14 in) per month, so in any case, it is better to avoid them, but it rains a lot, from 200 to 250 mm (8 to 10 in) per month, also from May to August and in November. Here is the average precipitation.
Langkawi - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)504590170255220235250340345215952305
Prec.(in)21.83.56.7108.79.39.813.413.68.53.790.7
Days868131816171821222015182

In this area, it's hot even in the "winter" period, from December to February, with highs around 32/33 °C (90/91 °F), however, since in this period the wind blows from the interior, the humidity is slightly lower than in the rest of the year. Here are the average temperatures.
Langkawi - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)242425252525252524242524
Max (°C)333333323232313131313132
Min (°F)757577777777777775757775
Max (°F)919191909090888888888890

The sun in Langkawi often shines in the dry period, from January to March or April; in the rest of the year, despite the rains, all in all, it is seen quite often.
Langkawi - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours898877766667

In Langkawi, as in the rest of Malaysia, the sea is warm all year round.
Langkawi - Sea temperature
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temp (°C)282929303030303029292929
Temp (°F)828484868686868684848484

In George Town and on Penang Island, January and February are the best months, although they are not as dry as in Langkawi, since rainfall amounts to around 100 mm (4 in) per month. In December and March, rainfall is already around 150/160 mm (6/6.3 in) per month, and it's even higher from June to August, when it's around 200 mm (8 in) per month. Further south, in Pangkor, even in January and February, about 150 mm (6 in) of rain fall per month, so the least rainy months here are June, July and August, however, there are no major differences with January and February.

Kuala Lumpur

In the capital, Kuala Lumpur, there is no clearly dry period as well, however, the least rainy period is from June to August, followed by January and February. Thunderstorms can erupt at any moment, as drivers (and spectators) of the Formula 1 Malaysian Grand Prix well know. Here is the average precipitation.
Kuala Lumpur - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)1701652402602051251251551952552902452425
Prec.(in)6.76.59.410.28.14.94.96.17.71011.49.695.5
Days11121416139101113161815158

Furthermore, in a big city, the heat is more intense than elsewhere because of the so-called urban heat island effect. Here are the average temperatures.
Kuala Lumpur - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)232323242424232323232323
Max (°C)323333333333323232323232
Min (°F)737373757575737373737373
Max (°F)909191919191909090909090

The amount of sunshine in Kuala Lumpur is neither excellent nor bad; however, the least sunny period runs from September to December. In total, there are 2,200 hours of sunshine per year.
Kuala Lumpur - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours677776665555

In the interior of Peninsular Malaysia too, in cities like Temerloh and Johor Bahru, the latter located just north of Singapore, the situation is similar, since the least rainy months are February, June and July, without there being a clearly preferable period.

2- Malaysian Borneo



Climate of the Malaysian Borneo

In the east, the Malaysian part of Borneo is even rainier than Peninsular Malaysia, especially in the part located west of Brunei (see the State of Sarawak), where precipitation exceeds 4,000 mm (157 in) per year. The westernmost part is the rainiest (see the red area on the map), where Kuching is located, well exposed to the north-east monsoon and therefore very rainy from October to March, with more than 300 mm (12 in) per month, and up to 700 mm (27.5 in) in January, a period when it rains almost every day. In the other months, it goes a bit better, but the amount of rainfall doesn't go below 190/220 mm (7.5/8.5 in) per month from June to August, which, however, are the best months (or, honestly, the least worst).
Here is the average precipitation in Kuching.
Kuching - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)6854753402752402201852302603403705004115
Prec.(in)2718.713.410.89.48.77.39.110.213.414.619.7162
Days221716171514131416192222207

In Kuching, the amount of sunshine is not very good, and it becomes quite low in the wettest period, from October to March. In a year, there are just 1,800 hours of sunshine.
Kuching - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours444566665554

Since it is not directly exposed to the north-east, the coast of Borneo to the east of Kuching and up to Miri (blue area), does not experience that extreme peak of rainfall from December to February, but otherwise, the trend is similar, with heavy rains throughout the year. So, it being understood that there is no period with a perfect climate, the best period in this region is probably from May to July.
Here is the average precipitation in Bintulu.
Bintulu - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)3802602652602352552402752903253754203580
Prec.(in)1510.210.410.29.3109.410.811.412.814.816.5140.9
Days272021201816192023262829267

The sun in Bintulu shines a little more often than in Kuching, although the sunshine pattern is more or less the same.
Bintulu - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours556677766655

East of the small country of Brunei, in the state of Sabah and up to Kudat (green area), all in all, the best time runs from February to April. In Labuan, a particularly rainy island, the average rainfall drops below 150 mm (6 in) from January to March, while more to the north-east, in Kota Kinabalu, it drops below 100 mm (4 in) per month in February and March.
Here is the average precipitation in Kota Kinabalu.
Kota Kinabalu - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)10575501152152802652702853453002402545
Prec.(in)4.1324.58.51110.410.611.213.611.89.4100.2
Days87681213131314161713140

The sun in Kota Kinabalu shines quite often from February to May.
Kota Kinabalu - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours678877766666

Lankayan Island

Sandakan

On the northeasternmost part of the coast, in Sandakan, directly exposed to the north-east monsoon, we find again a period with particularly heavy rains from November to February, while the least rainy period (and therefore the best one) is from March to May, however, with more than 100 mm (4 in) per month.
Here is the average precipitation in Sandakan: as you can see, the rains are particularly abundant especially in December and January.
Sandakan - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)4003051551151251952002252252853354603015
Prec.(in)15.7126.14.54.97.77.98.98.911.213.218.1118.7
Days171397911121212151820155

In Sandakan, as in the rest of Malaysia, it is hot all year round.
Sandakan - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)242424242424242423242424
Max (°C)293031323332323232323130
Min (°F)757575757575757573757575
Max (°F)848688909190909090908886

The sun in Sandakan shines quite often in the least rainy period, from March to May.
Sandakan - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours567887776665

In Sandakan, as in the rest of Malaysia, the sea is warm all year round.
Sandakan - Sea temperature
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temp (°C)282828293030292929292929
Temp (°F)828282848686848484848484

Off the coast of Sandakan, we find some islands, including the Turtle Islands and Lankayan, where in addition to the coral reef, you can admire the green turtles, which come to lay their eggs (generally, from June to September). West of Sandakan, instead, we find the Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center.

In the south-eastern portion of Sabah, near the border with Indonesia (orange area), there is a small region which is quite sheltered, at least from the north-east monsoon: the Bay of Lahad Datu, where less than 2,000 mm (79 in) fall per annum, with a minimum of about 150 mm (6 in) per month from June to September; the Semporna archipelago; and the city of Tawau, near the border with the Indonesian part of Borneo. Here is the rainfall in Tawau.
Tawau - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)140100100901251602052001801701501351765
Prec.(in)5.53.93.93.54.96.38.17.97.16.75.95.369.5
Days131110101212141312131313146

The sun in Tawau shines for a fair number of hours all year round; however, the sunniest months (albeit slightly) are April and May. The total is 2,450 hours of sunshine a year.
Tawau - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours677776777666

Cyclones, mountains, El Niño



Malaysia is located just south of the latitude where tropical cyclones (called typhoons in the Pacific Ocean and cyclones in the Indian Ocean) form. This means that the country can be affected, usually in a marginal way, especially in the northernmost part, and certainly not as much as the Philippines and the countries of south-east Asia. The cyclone and typhoon season lasts from May to December, with a peak of likelihood in December. However, since the sea in this area is always warm, in theory, tropical storms may form in any season. During the Christmas period of 2001, Tropical Storm Vamei affected Peninsular Malaysia, passing at an incredibly low latitude.

In the interior of Malaysia, there are hilly areas (called highlands), which have a slightly cooler climate and are often covered with rainforests, but there are also mountains, the highest of which is Mount Kinabalu, located in Borneo abd exceeding 4,000 meters (13,000 ft), while in Peninsular Malaysia, there are a few peaks that are slightly higher than 2,000 meters (6,500 feet). The temperature obviously decreases with increasing altitude: at 1,500 meters (5,000 feet), the daily average is around 17/18 °C (63/64 °F).
Here are the average temperatures of Tanah Rata, which is located on the Cameron Highlands, in Peninsular Malaysia, 1,470 meters (4,800 feet) above sea level.
Tanah Rata - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)131314151514141414141414
Max (°C)212222232322222222222121
Min (°F)555557595957575757575757
Max (°F)707272737372727272727070

Malaysia is also affected by the phenomenon known as El Niño, which brings unusually high temperatures and drought, especially in the years when it is more intense, as happened in 1998, when water had to be rationed in Kuala Lumpur. The opposite phenomenon, La Niña, brings cooler temperatures than normal and heavy rainfall.

Malaysian resort

Best Time



The best time to visit Malaysia as a whole is from June to August: to tell the truth, it's everywhere a rainy period, with more than 100 mm (4 in) per month, and sometimes more than 200 mm (8 in); on the other hand, this is the climate of Malaysia and you cannot get any better. For the best times in specific areas, you can refer to the above suggestions.
As mentioned, the sea is warm all year round.

What to pack



All year round: bring tropics-friendly, loose-fitting clothing, made of natural fibers, a scarf for the breeze, a light sweatshirt for air-conditioned places, a light raincoat or umbrella.
For mid-elevation mountains, around 1,500 meters (5,000 feet), bring spring/autumn clothes, a sweatshirt and a jacket; for high mountains, warm clothes, a warm jacket, a raincoat, hiking shoes.
When going to the reef, you can bring snorkeling equipment, including water shoes or rubber-soled shoes.