Climates to travel
 World climate guide

Home Africa N.America S.America Antarctica Asia Caribbean Europe M.East Oceania

Climate - Denmark

Temperature, rainfall, prevailing weather conditions, when to go, what to pack

See also the US version (°F - inches - feet)

Flag - Denmark

Map - Denmark

The climate of Denmark is cold in winter and mild in summer; being influenced by the ocean, it's less cold than one might think. In fact, clouds, humidity, rain and wind are predominant. The country is small and flat, so there are little climatic differences between the areas, however, the western coasts and the small islands are windier and more temperate than the mainland and the biggest islands.
Here are the average temperatures of the capital, Copenhagen, which is located in the east, a short distance from Sweden.
Copenhagen average temperatures
Copenhagen J F M A M J J A S O N D
Min (°C) -2 -2 -1 2 7 11 13 13 10 7 3 -1
Max (°C) 2 2 5 10 15 19 20 20 17 12 7 4

Precipitation in Denmark is not abundant, but it's frequent and well distributed throughout the year, because Atlantic depressions occur in all seasons. In Copenhagen, 525 mm of rain (or snow) per year fall.
Here is the average precipitation in Copenhagen.
Average precipitation Copenhagen
Copenhagen J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Prec. (mm) 35 25 35 35 40 45 55 55 55 45 50 45 525
Days 17 13 14 13 13 11 13 13 14 14 17 16 168

Winter in Denmark is cold, with an average temperature of January and February around freezing (zero degrees Celsius) in the capital Copenhagen and in other cities. The days are very short (in December the sun sets at three in the afternoon), and the temperature fluctuations between day and night are little: lows are around -2 °C, while highs are around 2 °C. In the western coast and the small islands, winter is a little milder, with minimum temperatures around freezing, but with a lot of wind, especially in the north. Apart from that, the temperatures are fairly uniform across the country.
During winter, the amount of sunshine is poor, in fact the sky is often overcast, winds can be sustained, and precipitation is quite frequent, although usually not abundant. Anyway, in this season the weather conditions vary greatly depending on the situation. When the westerlies prevail, the temperatures may remain a few degrees above freezing even at night, and it rains even in winter. But when the country is reached by eastern currents brought by the Siberian High, the temperature suddenly drops, and may drop several degrees below freezing, down to about -20 °C in the worst moments. These cold periods may last for a few days, usually less than in Sweden or Finland.

Spring is initially cold, and remains cool still in May: the maximum temperature in Copenhagen is on average about 10 °) in April and 15 °C in May. However, spring is the relatively least rainy season of the year: it rains "only" for 8/9 days per month, compared with 10/11 days in summer, 12/13 in autumn and from 10 to 13 in winter.

Summer has usually pleasant temperatures: highs in July and August are about 20/22 °C in Copenhagen and in major cities, while they are a bit lower (around 18 °C) in the western coasts bordering the North Sea. Night temperatures are pretty cool, being around 12/14 °C. Summer in Denmark is similar to the fist half of May in New York.
During summer, every now and then the southern currents can bring some heat, which usually does not last more than two or three days: the temperature rarely reaches 30 °C, and the highest recorded temperatures are about 32 °C.

In autumn, the weather is dull and rainy, and at times windy. In November, the sunshine amount is minimal as in winter. In Copenhagen, in September the maximum temperature is already about 17 °C, and it drops to 12 °C in October and 7 °) in November.


The temperature of the Baltic Sea is close to freezing in winter, while in summer it is a bit cold for swimming, reaching 17 °C in July and August.
Sea temperature Copenhagen
Copenhagen J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sea (°C) 2 2 2 5 10 14 17 17 15 12 8 4

To the west, the temperature of the North Sea is milder than that of the Baltic, being a bit higher in winter, while in summer it's similar, or slightly cooler.
Sea temperature Esbjerg
Esbjerg J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sea (°C) 6 5 5 6 10 13 16 16 15 12 10 7

When to go

The best time to visit Denmark is the summer, from June to August. The temperatures are mild or warm during the day, while they are cool or even slightly cold at night; rains are not lacking, but they are not heavy and generally do not last long. June is cooler, but slightly less rainy than July and August, and it's also the month with the longest days (but they are nonetheless very long throughout summer).
In the first half of September, the temperature is still acceptable, and besides, woods shine with their autumn colours.

What to pack

In winter: warm clothes, fleece, down jacket, hat, gloves, scarf, wind jacket, raincoat or umbrella.
In summer: clothes for spring and autumn, being ready to add or remove the outer layer, t-shirt, but also long pants, jacket and sweatshirt; raincoat or umbrella.

Back to Europe

All the countries

Near countries:

US version (°F)
Contact Us