In Slovakia, the climate is moderately continental in the plains, while it becomes colder with increasing altitude in mountainous areas. The west (see Bratislava, Nitra) is flat, in the north, there's the vast region occupied by the Tatra Mountains, while the rest of the country is covered with hills and low mountains, which belong (like the same Tatras) to the vast region of the Carpathians.


In the western part of Slovakia, where Bratislava is located, the climate is moderately continental, with cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is fairly frequent throughout the year, but it's most abundant in late spring and summer, when it can occur in the form of thunderstorm, while in winter, it often takes place in the form of light snow.


In Bratislava, the capital, the daily average temperatures in winter are around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), while in summer, they are around 13/15 °C (55/59 °F) at night and 25/27 °C (77/81 °F) during the day. During winter, the area of Bratislava can experience dull and wet days, but also intense frosts during outbreaks of cold air from the east, when the temperature can drop to -20 °C (-4 °F), while in summer, it can sometimes experience hot and muggy days, when southern air masses prevail, with peaks of 30/35 °C (86/95 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
Bratislava - Average temperatures
Min (°C)-4-215101315151161-2
Max (°C)25111622252727221584
Min (°F)252834415055595952433428
Max (°F)364152617277818172594639

In Bratislava, precipitation amounts to 550 mm (22 in) per year, so it is not abundant, but it is well distributed over the seasons. Here is the average precipitation.
Bratislava - Average precipitation

In Bratislava, the sun is rarely seen from November to January, while from May to August, it shines for a little more than half the time (compared to the length of the days). Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Bratislava - Sunshine


In the valleys and plains of the central-eastern area, the climate takes on the continental characteristics which are typical of Eastern Europe: winters are colder than in the capital, with longer periods below freezing even during the day and weak but frequent snowfalls, while summers are warm, with frequent sunshine but also fairly frequent afternoon thunderstorms.
Here are the average temperatures in Košice.
Košice - Average temperatures
Min (°C)-6-4049121313940-4
Max (°C)0391520232525201461
Min (°F)212532394854555548393225
Max (°F)323748596873777768574334

Hills and mountains

Most places throughout the central and eastern part of the country are located at a few hundred meters of altitude, which is enough to make the climate slightly colder than in Bratislava, in fact, snow remains on the ground more easily during winter, while summer is generally cool, and the heat, when present, is more bearable.
Here are the average temperatures of Poprad, located at 700 meters (2,300 feet) above sea level.
Poprad - Average temperatures
Min (°C)-8-7-315810962-3-7
Max (°C)0271217202222181351
Min (°F)181927344146504843362719
Max (°F)323645546368727264554134

The mountainous areas of Slovakia have a colder climate because of the altitude, especially the northern part, where the Tatra Mountains are located. Here, the climate is freezing and snowy in winter, while afternoon thunderstorms are quite frequent in summer. Moreover, the wind is more frequent. At 2,000 meters (6,500 feet) above sea level, the average temperature is around -8 °C (18 °F) in January and around 6/7 °C (43/45 °F) in July.
On the top of the Peak Lomnický, at 2,634 meters (8,642 feet) of altitude, it's cold and it can snow even in summer. Here are the average temperatures.
Lomnicky stit - Average temperatures
Min (°C)-12-13-10-8-30110-3-8-11
Max (°C)-8-8-6-3135630-4-7
Min (°F)10914182732343432271812
Max (°F)181821273437414337322519

Best Time

The best time to visit Slovakia runs from mid-May to mid-September. In July and August, hot and muggy days may occur, especially in the lowlands (the region of Bratislava and the easternmost plain), while in the rest of the country, nights remain cool even in the hottest periods. In plains and valleys, during the warmest months, the rains occur often in the form of short thunderstorms, which do not reduce too much the hours of sunshine, while in the mountains, cloudiness in the afternoon is more frequent.

What to pack

In winter: bring warm clothes, such as a sweater, a down jacket, a hat, gloves, and a scarf.
In summer: bring light clothes, a T-shirt and shorts, but also long pants, a jacket and a sweater for the evening or for cooler days; a raincoat or umbrella. For the mountains, bring warmer clothes depending on altitude, hiking shoes and sunglasses.

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