Index


Introduction



In Togo, an African country located to the south of the Sahara, the climate is tropical, with a dry season in winter and a rainy season due to the African monsoon, which runs from April to October in the center and from May to October in the north, while along the coast, there is a marked decrease in rainfall from July to September.
The rainfall amounts to 900 millimeters (35.5 inches) per year on the coast, 1,000 mm (40 in) in the far north (Savanes Region), 1,300/1,400 mm (51/55 in) in the central and northern inland areas, and up to 2,000 mm (80 in) in the western part of the Plateaux Region.

The center-north



In the center and north, winter is hot and dry, with maximum temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F). The prevailing wind, the Harmattan, blows from the desert, bringing sand and dust. Sometimes, the temperature can approach 40 °C (104 °F), while in other situations, it can get cool at night, and lows can drop to 10 °C (50 °F) or even a little below. Starting from February, the temperature increases, reaching easily 37/38 °C (99/100 °F). In March and April, the first showers begin to occur, coming from the south, and they are able to prevent the temperature from rising further; sometimes, however, it exceeds 40 °C (104 °F), especially in the north, where the rains arrive later.

Sokodé

Here are the average temperatures of Sokodé, located in the north-central, at 340 meters (1,100 feet) above sea level.
Sokodé - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)182022222120202020201917
Max (°C)343535343230272829293233
Min (°F)646872727068686868686663
Max (°F)939595939086818284849091

Rainfall exceeds 100 mm (4 in) per month by April in the center and by May in the north.
The rains continue to increase in intensity and frequency, peaking between July and September, when they typically exceed 200 mm (8 in) per month. In summer, the humidity is highest, but the temperature is lowest, in fact, highs in July and August are around 30 °C (86 °F) in the extreme north (see Dapaong) and drop below this value in the center. Therefore, summer is the least hot season (in Togo and in French-speaking tropical countries, the rainy season is called "hivernage", which means "wintering"), even though it's the muggiest.
The rains withdraw during the month of October, starting from the north. The humid wind from the south is replaced by the drier, but hotter, north-east wind.
Here is the average precipitation in Sokodé.
Sokodé - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)15154510515519022024526012530151420
Prec.(in)0.60.61.84.16.17.58.79.610.24.91.20.655.9
Days1146912131516103292

Consequently, the amount of sunshine reaches a minimum from July to September, as can be seen in the following table.
Sokodé - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours888887545798

In the center-south, in the Plateaux Region, there are hilly areas, whose highest point is Mount Agou (or Baumann), 986 meters (3,235 feet) high. Above 500 meters (1,600 feet), during the summer rains, which are also more abundant than at sea level, it can be quite cool.

Traditional houses in Togo

The coast



Along the coast, the climate is slightly different. The temperature is more stable, and highs in winter are around 32 °C (90 °F); the warming in spring is not as intense as in the north, then the temperatures drop to 28/29 °C (82/84 °F) from June to September. In winter, the air is usually humid because of the breeze, but the Harmattan can sometimes arrive here as well. In summer, the heat is tempered by sea breezes.

Lomé

In the capital, Lomé, the average daily temperature ranges from 25 °C (77.5 °F) in August, the coolest month, to 28.5 °C (83.5 °F) in March, the hottest month. Here are the average temperatures.
Lomé - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)232425242423232223232323
Max (°C)323233323130282829303232
Min (°F)737577757573737273737373
Max (°F)909091908886828284869090

From March to June, the rains increase rapidly, so that June is the rainiest month, with about 200 mm (8 in), but then the rainfall declines, reaching a minimum in August, while it rises again from mid-September to late October, when in any case, it does not exceed 100/120 mm (4/4.7 in) per month. However, the sky remains often cloudy and the humidity is high even in August. Owing to the summer break, in Lomé, only 900 mm (35.5 in) of rain fall per year, so the amount of rain that falls on the coast is the lowest of the entire country. In the eastern part of the coast, rainfall is a bit more abundant: in Grand Popo, it amounts to 1,150 mm (45 in) per year. Here is the average precipitation in Lomé.
Lomé - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)153580105155200551550155205895
Prec.(in)0.61.43.14.16.17.92.20.626.10.80.235.2
Days125681053693159

Along the coast, the sun shines quite often in the dry season, however, a bit of cloudiness can form even in this period. From July to September, the sky is often cloudy, even though the rains decrease in this part of the country.
Lomé - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours787775555788

The sea in Togo is warm enough to swim in all year round. Around shallows, there can be dangerous sea currents.
Lomé - Sea temperature
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temp (°C)282829292928262526272928
Temp (°F)828284848482797779818482

Best Time



The best time to visit Togo is from November to January: the air is dry and the weather is usually good. It is true that it's hot during the day, especially in the north, but less so than in the following period, from February to May.
The worst period, being the rainiest, is from May to June on the coast, and from July to September in the interior.

What to pack



In winter: in Lomé and the coast, pack light clothes for the day, a light sweatshirt for the evening, and a light scarf for the wind full of dust. In the north, pack light clothing, a sweatshirt and a light jacket for the evening, and a light scarf or turban for the desert wind.

In summer: pack light clothing, made of natural fibers, a light sweatshirt and a light raincoat for the rain showers.
For women it's better to avoid shorts and miniskirts.

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