Galicia, map



In the autonomous community of Galicia, located in north-western Spain, the climate is different from what is normally expected in Spain, in fact, it is mild oceanic, with relatively mild, rainy winters and cool, quite sunny summers. In summer, however, short heat waves are possible, with highs around or above 30 °C (86 °F). In July 2013, the temperature reached 36 °C (97 °F) in La Coruña, 38 °C (100 °F) in Pontevedra, and 39.7 °C (103.5 °F) in Vigo.
The wind blows frequently, and can be stormy in the cold season, in fact, there are several beaches frequented by surfers.
Fog is also common: it can present itsfelf all year round, when there is no wind, even on summer nights.
Snowfalls are only sporadic on the coast (where, for example, it snowed on January 10, 2010); they are still very rare (once or twice a year) in the lowlands of the interior, while they are abundant in the mountains during winter.
Rainfall is usually abundant, since it exceeds 1,000 millimeters (40 inches) per year almost everywhere, while it is close to 2,000 mm (79 in) along the west coast and on the west-facing slopes. However, summer is the driest season, when the rains, though possible also in this season, become quite rare.
In the interior, there are mountain ranges, where the climate gets colder with increasing altitude, and heavy snowfalls can occur in winter. There are also skilifts. The highest peak is Peña Trevinca, 2,124 meters (6,968 feet) high, in Serra do Eixe, while the altitude exceeds 1,700 meters (5,600 ft) in Serra de Queixa and Sierra de Ancares.
The coast is indented, and there are coves (called rías) as well as islands. The most important islands are Illa de Arousa (inside the ría of the same name and in the province of Pontevedra), the Cies Islands (off the coast of Vigo, where the famous Praia das Rodas is located), and the Ons Island (slightly to the north, and west of Pontevedra).
The most western point of Galicia and Spain is Cape Touriñán, just north of Cape Finisterre, which is traditionally (and wrongly) considered as the most westerly. Owing to both the dangerousness of the coast and the frequent storms, which caused many shipwrecks in the course of history, this westernmost part of the coast is called Costa da Morte (or Costa de la Muerte in Castilian).
About fifty kilometers (30 miles) south-west of Santiago de Compostela, we find a large sandy beach, called Dunas de Corrubedo, protected in a natural park.
In the northeast, there is a beach, called Praia das Catedrais or Praia de Augas Santas, where you will find characteristic rocky arches.

Praia das Catedrais

The cities

La Coruña

On the northwest coast, in La Coruña, the climate is mild in winter, while it remains cool in summer: highs in July and August are just around 22/23 °C (72/73 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
La Coruna - Average temperatures
Min (°C)88910121416161513119
Max (°C)141416161821222322191614
Min (°F)464648505457616159555248
Max (°F)575761616470727372666157

In La Coruna, approximately 1,050 mm (41 in) of rain fall per year; the wettest seasons are autumn and winter, the least rainy is summer: from June to August, precipitation drops below 50 mm (2 in) per month, though it still rains for 6/7 days per month on average. Here is the average precipitation.
La Coruna - Average precipitation

The amount of sunshine in Galicia is good in the summer, when sunny days prevail, especially in the southern part (in July and August, there are approximately 8 hours of sunshine per day in La Coruña and in Santiago de Compostela, and up to 9/10 in Vigo and Pontevedra), while in the other seasons, and especially in late autumn and winter, the sky is often cloudy because of the prevalence of Atlantic depressions.
Here are the average hours of sunshine per day in La Coruna.
La Coruna - Sunshine

Further south, and in the interior, we find Santiago de Compostela, which is a bit colder both because of the distance from the sea and of altitude, and it's also rainier, in fact, it receives nearly 1,900 mm (75 in) of rainfall per year.


Lugo, located in the interior and at 450 meters (1,450 ft) of altitude, is pretty cold in winter, when night frosts are quite frequent, while in summer, while days are pleasant, nights are still cool.
In Sarria, which is at no great distance from Lugo and practically at the same altitude, and it's often chosen as the starting point for the Camino de Santiago (or Way of St. James), the temperatures are similar.
Here are the average temperatures in Lugo.
Lugo - Average temperatures
Min (°C)2235710121210853
Max (°C)111215161922242523181411
Min (°F)363637414550545450464137
Max (°F)525459616672757773645752

In Lugo, the rain pattern is very similar to that of La Coruna: rainfall amounts to 1.115 mm (44 in) per year, with a peak between October and January, when it exceeds 110 mm (4.3 in) per month, and a minimum in summer. Here is the average precipitation.
Lugo - Average precipitation


In the southwestern part of the coast, in cities such as Vigo, the climate remains cool enough; inside the rías, the temperature in winter is a bit lower than on the Atlantic coast, while in summer, it is a little higher.
Here are the average temperatures in Vigo.
Vigo - Average temperatures
Min (°C)567810131515141186
Max (°C)121316171923242523191512
Min (°F)414345465055595957524643
Max (°F)545561636673757773665954

Rainfall is particularly abundant on the coast exposed to the westerly winds: in Vigo, it reaches 1,800 mm (70 in) per year, including more than 200 mm (8 in) per month from October to January; sometimes, it reaches spectacular values. But even here, in summer, fortunately the rains diminish both in intensity and in frequency.
Here is the average rainfall in Vigo.
Vigo - Average precipitation

In Pontevedra, the climate is similar to that of Vigo.

Cies Islands, beach


In the southeastern inland area of Galicia and at low altitude, the climate is almost Mediterranean, and it is quite hot in summer: in Orense (or Ourense), 250 meters (800 ft) above sea level, highs in July and August reach 30/31 °C (86/88 °F), although nights remain cool. Here are the average temperatures.
Orense - Average temperatures
Min (°C)33579131515121064
Max (°C)131519202328303128221613
Min (°F)373741454855595954504339
Max (°F)555966687382868882726155

In Orense, precipitation drops below 1,000 mm (40 in) per year, and in summer, the rains are quite rare. Here is the average precipitation.
Orense - Average precipitation

North-east of Orense, we find the Sil River, which gives birth to the canyon of the same name.

Sea temperature

The sea along the northern coast of Galicia is a bit cold even in summer, as you can see in the following table, regarding the temperature of the sea near La Coruna.
La Coruna - Sea temperature
Temp (°C)131313131416181918171514
Temp (°F)555555555761646664635957

On the west coast, the ocean temperature is practically the same, as can be seen from the data of Vigo.
Vigo - Sea temperature
Temp (°C)141313141516181918171615
Temp (°F)575555575961646664636159

Best Time

The best time to visit Galicia is the summer, from June to August or the first half of September, since it is the driest and sunniest period of the year. July and August are the warmest and least rainy months. However, it can sometimes rain even in midsummer, and some nights can be a bit cool on the coast and a bit cold in inland areas. Those who don't like the heat, in order to avoid the albeit rare hot days, can choose the months of May (especially the second half), June and September (especially the first half), remembering, though, that it could rain more frequently.
In the summer, on sunny days (which are quite frequent, especially in the south-west), you can take a break at the beach and sunbathe, with an air temperature often pleasant and a cool breeze from the ocean, but, as mentioned, the sea is cold for swimming.

Back to top