Moldova has a continental climate, with cold, snowy winters and warm summers. Since the prevailing currents come from the north or the west, the proximity of the Black Sea (which lies to the south-east) does not affect much the climate.
The Republic of Moldova is a Romanian-speaking country, and has been a Soviet republic until 1991.

Being a flat and small country, the climate is fairly homogeneous, with small differences; sometimes, however, it may happen that it can snow in the north and not in the south.
Here are the average temperatures of the capital Chisinau, located in the centre of the country.
Average temperatures - Chisinau
ChisinauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
ChisinauJFMAMJJASOND
Min (°C)-4-406121517171272-3
Max (°C)1381622252827221572
Min (°F)252532435459636354453627
Max (°F)343746617277828172594536

Precipitation in Moldova is not abundant, since it amounts to about 550 millimetres (21.5 inches) per year. The season in which precipitation is most frequent is winter, but given the low temperatures, it is not abundant, and occurs mostly in the form of light snow. The rainiest months in terms of quantity are June and July, mainly because of afternoon thunderstorms, but there are not more days with precipitation than in winter; in August, thunderstorms become less frequent.
Here is the average precipitation in Chisinau.
Average precipitation - Chisinau
ChisinauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
ChisinauJFMAMJJASONDY
Prec. (mm)404035405075704545254040545
Prec.(in)1.61.61.41.6232.81.81.811.61.621.5
Days121211101112108661112121

Winter in Moldova is cold, with an average temperature in January around -1.5 °C (29 °F). Sometimes, mild and moist air masses from the Mediterranean may raise the temperature above freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) and melt the snow, while cold air masses of Arctic or Russian origin can lower the temperature by several degrees, down to around -20 °C (-4 °F) or even below. Cold records are around -35 °C (-31 °F) in the north (see Balti, Soroca), and -30 °C (-22 °F) in Chisinau.

Summer in Moldova is warm: in the two warmest months (July and August), the average minimum temperature is around 15/16 °C (59/61 °F) in the north and 16/17 °C (61/63 °F) in the centre-south (so nights are usually pretty cool), while the maximum temperature is around 26 °C (79 °F) in the north, and 27/28 °C (81/82 °F) in the south. In the afternoon, thunderstorms may develop, especially in June and July. The sunshine amount is good: there are about 9/9.5 hours of sunshine per day from June to August, which means that the sun often shines. As mentioned, the temperature is normally acceptable, but sometimes there can be heat waves, capable of raising the temperature to around 35 °C (95 °F) and above, usually for a few days. In the capital Chisinau, the highest recorded temperature is 39 °C (102 °F).
Sometimes in summer, floods can occur (as happened in July 2008 and 2010), mostly because of heavy rains which may occur in the Carpathian region and then swell the Dniester (or Nistru) River, which has its source in that mountain range, in Ukraine.

The two intermediate seasons, spring and autumn, are quite short but pleasant: in May and September, the minimum and maximum temperatures are respectively around 12 and 22 °C (53.5 and 72 °F). In spring, the first mild or warm days can be followed by sudden drops in temperature, with possible snowfalls, especially in March and early April. In autumn, the first cold days occur in November, and sometimes in late October.

Chisinau

The amount of sunshine is good in summer, while it's poor or mediocre from November to January, when gray skies predominate.
Sunshine - Chisinau
ChisinauJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
ChisinauJFMAMJJASOND
Sun (hours)23468910108522

When to go



Moldova can be visited preferably from May to September: usually, the temperatures are pleasant, with cool nights. In July and August, however, there may be hot periods, so if you do not like the heat, you can choose the months of May, June and September.

What to pack



In winter: warm clothes, sweater or fleece, down jacket, hat, gloves and scarf, raincoat or umbrella.
In summer: light clothes, t-shirt, but also long pants, light jacket and a sweater for the evening and cool days; raincoat or umbrella.