Izmir, where it is

In Izmir (or Smyrna), a big Turkish city on the Aegean Sea, the climate is Mediterranean, with relatively mild winters and hot, sunny summers.
Here are the average temperatures.
Izmir - Average temperatures
Min (°C)66711151922221814118
Max (°C)121316212631333329241814
Min (°F)434345525966727264575246
Max (°F)545561707988919184756457

Precipitation amounts to 700 millimeters (27.5 inches) per year, and is most abundant in winter, while in summer, it rains very rarely. Here is the average precipitation.
Izmir - Average precipitation

Winter, from December to mid-March, is relatively mild and quite rainy: the average temperature in January is 7 °C (44.5 °F), and it rains on average about 10 days per month. The city is less exposed to cold waves than Istanbul, however, cold air masses can arrive here as well, leading to night frosts, for example, in January 2013, the temperature dropped to -8 °C (18 °F).
Snow is rare, but not impossible: for example, it snowed in February 2012.

Spring, from mid-March to May, is very mild, and while the weather is still a bit unstable in March, later, it gradually becomes sunnier, and with less rainfall.

Summer, from June to mid-September, is hot and sunny. Typically, the humidity is not very high, and sea breezes blow, in addition, an insistent wind from the north, the Meltemi, can blow. However, there may be periods of intense heat, with highs about 35/38 °C (95/100 °F) and sometimes up to 40 °C (104 °F).

Autumn, from mid-September to November, is pleasantly warm and sunny at the beginning, while rainy periods become more frequent over the weeks. However, October is often still a pleasant and sunny month, especially in the first half.


The amount of sunshine in Izmir is great in summer, when the sky is practically always clear, while in winter, sunny periods alternate with periods of bad weather, with cloudy skies. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Izmir - Sunshine

The sea in Izmir is never very warm, since in summer, the north wind prevents it from warming up by much, however, the sea temperature reaches 22/23 °C (72/73 °F) from June to September. Here are the average sea temperatures.
Izmir - Sea temperature
Temp (°C)151515161822232322201816
Temp (°F)595959616472737372686461

Best Time

The best times to visit Izmir, for exploring the city, the monuments and the neighbouring towns such as Ephesus and Pergamum, are spring and autumn, ie the months of April and May, and from mid-September to mid-October. In fact, summer is often very hot, especially in July and August.
For a beach holiday, you can go from June to September.
September is probably the best compromise between seaside and cultural tourism, if you wish to do both.