The climate of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, a French overseas collectivity, is cold oceanic, with cold winters, in which the temperature is often below freezing, and mild summers. Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is a small archipelago located south of the Canadian island of Newfoundland.
We are in an area where the clash between sea and air currents (the Gulf Stream and the mild wind from the south-west on one side, the Labrador current and the cold wind from the north on the other) gives rise to frequent rains (and snowfalls in winter) but also to frequent fogs. In addition, the islands are windy.
From August to October, the archipelago can occasionally be hit by hurricanes of the Atlantic, which, after affecting the Caribbean, turn north-east. They generally arrive weakened because they have to cross a cold sea, however they can still bring abundant rains and strong winds.
On the coldest days of the year, the temperature can drop to -10/-14 °C (7/14 °F) or even below. In February 1994, it dropped to -17 °C (1.5 °F). On the warmest days of the year, in general the temperature does not exceed 23/24 °C (73/75 °F), even though the record is 28.5 °C (83 °F).
The average temperature of the coldest month (February) is of -3.2 °C (26 °F), that of the warmest month (August) is of 16.3 °C (61 °F). Summer is particularly cool because of fogs. Here are the average temperatures of the capital, Saint-Pierre.
St Pierre - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-5-6-403712141172-2
Max (°C)0-1148121719161173
Min (°F)232125323745545752453628
Max (°F)323034394654636661524537

Precipitation amounts to 1,385 millimeters (54.5 inches) per year: it is therefore quite abundant. It ranges from 90 mm (3.5 in) in the driest month (July) to 150 mm (5.9 in) in the wettest (November). Here is the average precipitation.
St Pierre - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)11012010010012095901101101351501451385
Prec.(in)4.34.73.93.94.73.73.54.34.35.35.95.754.5
Days16131310111010109121315142

On average, there are around 1,425 sunshine hours per year. So, the sun doesn't shine often. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
St Pierre - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours234456565421

The sea temperature ranges between 1 °C (34 °F) and 16 °C (61 °F). So, it never becomes warm for swimming. Here are the average sea temperatures.
St Pierre - Sea temperature
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temp (°C)2111471216141174
Temp (°F)363434343945546157524539

St Pierre

Best Time


The best months to visit Saint Pierre and Miquelon are July and August, as they are the mildest of the year.