The climate of Córdoba, a city of Andalusia, can be defined as Mediterranean, but owing to the particularly hot summer, it can be considered as an almost African city. In fact, Córdoba is in summer the hottest city not only in Spain but throughout Europe, and often even more so than the nearby city of Seville, which is equally located in the flat area to the south of the Sierra Morena and crossed by the Guadalquivir, but a little closer to the sea.
Here are the average temperatures.
Córdoba - Average temperatures
Min (°C)456912161819161285
Max (°C)151721222632363632251915
Min (°F)394143485461646661544641
Max (°F)596370727990979790776659

Precipitation amounts to around 535 millimeters (21 inches) per year, so it is not abundant; however, it is concentrated, as is normal in Mediterranean climates, between autumn and early spring. The rainiest month is December, with 90 mm (3.5 in). Here is the average precipitation.
Córdoba - Average precipitation

Winter, from December to February, is mild: the daily average temperature is about 9/10 °C (48/50 °F). There are many sunny days, but there can also be waves of bad weather, with wind and rain. Very cold periods are rare, however, on colder nights, the temperature can drop to freezing or even a few degrees below, but during the day, it remains very rarely below 10 °C (50 °F).

Spring is a bit unstable in March and sometimes in April, with windy and sometimes rainy days, but overall, it's a mild and sunny season, and it becomes more and more stable and soon even hot, before the rest of Europe. Already in April, daytime temperatures often approach 30 °C (86 °F). In May, the first very hot days can occur, especially in the second half of the month.

Summer, from June to mid-September, is scorchingly hot, dry and sunny, with highs usually about 36 °C (97 °F) in July and August, but with fairly frequent periods around 40 °C (104 °F). In the worst times, the temperature can reach 45/46 °C (113/115 °F). The sun beats down, and the rains are usually very rare. September is still a summery month, especially in the first half, when highs usually exceed 30 °C (86 °F) and the sun shines.
The sea is not very close, however, a bit of breeze can arrive here. In addition, the humidity is not high, and the daily temperature range is considerable, so that nights usually bring a bit of relief.

Autumn, from mid-September to November, is initially hot and sunny: still in October, especially in the first half, the temperature often reaches 30 °C (86 °F). However, in this season, rain starts to fall.

The amount of sunshine in Córdoba is great in summer, when clear skies prevail, it is good in spring, especially from mid-April onwards, and it is still decent in autumn and winter, when there is a moderate amount of cloudy days, during periods of bad weather, but there are also sunny periods. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Córdoba - Sunshine


Best Time

In order to avoid both the summer heat and the winter rains, the best months to visit Córdoba are April, May and October, though it can sometimes rain. Those who can stand the heat can also choose the summer, but they have to be prepared for the likely scorching heat.
In winter, you can find several pleasant days, sunny and spring-like, although it can get cold at night, and waves of bad weather are not excluded.