In Lithuania, a flat country overlooking the Baltic Sea, the climate is semi-continental, with freezing winters and mild and moderately rainy summers.

On the coast the average temperatures are just below freezing in January and February, and around 18 °C (64 °F) in July and August. Here is the average temperature in Klaipeda.
Klaipeda - Average temperatures
Min (°C)-3-4-1371114141062-2
Max (°C)1141016182121171263
Min (°F)272530374552575750433628
Max (°F)343439506164707063544337

In inland areas, the temperatures are a bit lower in winter and a bit higher in summer. Here are the average temperatures in Vilnius, the capital.
Vilnius - Average temperatures
Min (°C)-7-7-32711131284-1-5
Max (°C)-2-14121821232217103-1
Min (°F)191927364552555446393023
Max (°F)283039546470737263503730

Precipitation in Lithuania are frequent throughout the year, however, in terms of quantity there's a relative minimum between February and April. The coast is rainier than the interior: in Klaipeda precipitation amounts to 735 millimeters (29 inches) per year, with a maximum in autumn, while in Vilnius it amounts to 685 mm (27 in), with a maximum in summer due to afternoon thunderstorms.
Here is the average precipitation in Vilnius.
Vilnius - Average precipitation

Winter is cold and dark, with temperatures below freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) and landscapes often snow-covered from December to mid-March. The temperature decreases gradually as we proceed inland: on the coast (see Klaipeda), the daily average in January and February is around -1 degrees Celsius (30 °F), while it drops by a few degrees in the central area (see Kaunas), and even more in the east, where it reaches -4 °C (25 °C) in Vilnius, which therefore is the coldest city in Lithuania.
Snowfalls are frequent but not abundant, and often occur in the form of a continuous light snow. The temperature can change a lot depending on meteorological situation: when the currents come from the Atlantic Ocean, it can exceed freezing even in winter, while when they blow from Russia, it can plunge to -20 °C (-4 °F) and at times even to -30 °C (-22 °F).

In spring, the temperature gradually increases, even though the weather remains cold for a few weeks; April is typically a cold month, and especially in the first half there's still some chance of snow and frost, while in the second half the first warm days are possible, brought by southerly winds. In general, the temperatures become pleasant in a stable manner from the middle of May.

Summer, from June to August, offers, in addition to very long days, pleasant temperatures: highs are around 18/21 °C (64/70 °F) on the coast, and around 21/23 °C (70/73 °F) in inland areas. However, summer is a fairly rainy season.
Sometimes, warm currents from the southernmost plains of Eastern Europe can cause a considerable increase in temperature: in these cases, it can reach 25/30 °C (77/86 °F) on the coast, and up to 30/35 °C (86/95 °F) in inland areas. However, these hot periods generally last only a few days.

Autumn is still quite pleasant in September, while by October it becomes dull and rainy, and gradually colder over the weeks. The first snowfalls typically occur in late October or in November.


The sun in Lithuania is rarely seen from November to February, while from May to August it shines for a decent amount of time (the days are very long, so the total sunshine is not low).
Vilnius - Sunshine

The Baltic Sea is very cool even in summer: the water temperature is around 2 °C (36 °F) in February and March, while in summer it reaches 16 °C (61 °F) in July and 18 °C (64 °F) in August.
Klaipeda - Sea temperature
Temp (°C)32247121618161295
Temp (°F)373636394554616461544841

Best Time

The best period to visit Lithuania is summer, from June to August: the temperatures are pleasant, sometimes even warm. Certainly, there is a moderate amount of rainfall, often in the form of thunderstorms in the afternoon, but there are also some nice days. As it's often the case in Nordic countries, by mid-August the summer already begins to decline, in fact the rains become more frequent, and in any case, the days get shorter.
If you want to visit Lithuania in its winter appearance, February is preferable to December because of the longer days.

What to pack

In winter: bring very warm clothes, such as a down jacket, a hat, gloves, a scarf.
In summer: bring clothes for spring and autumn, being ready to add or remove the outer layer, a T-shirt, but also long pants, a jacket and sweatshirt; a raincoat or umbrella.