Essen, where it lies

In Essen, a city located in the Ruhr area, in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, the climate is sub-oceanic, humid and rainy, influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, in fact winters are cold but not freezing, while summers are mild.
The average temperature ranges from 2 °C (35.5 °F) in January to 17.5 °C (63.5 °F) in July and August. Here are the average temperatures.
Essen - Average temperatures
Min (°C)0025911131311831
Max (°C)4591318202222191485
Min (°F)323236414852555552463734
Max (°F)394148556468727266574641

Precipitation is relatively abundant, about 875 millimeters (34.5 inches) per year, but above all it is frequent and well distributed over the seasons. However, the rainiest season (at least in quantity) is summer, the least rainy season is spring. Rainfall often occurs in the form of short showers or drizzle, whereas during the summer, thunderstorms can break out in the afternoon.
Here is the average precipitation.
Essen - Average precipitation

The wind blows frequently, and can be intense, especially from November to March.

Winter, from December to February, is cold: the daytime temperatures are on average a few degrees above freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), while at night they are around freezing; wind and humidity often exacerbate the feeling of cold.
However, different weather situations can occur.
When the westerlies blow, the temperature can be quite mild, and can reach 10/12 °C (50/54 °F), but there may be wind and rain.
On the contrary, when the city is reached by cold air masses from Russia, the temperature drops below freezing, for longer or shorter periods, even during the day. The temperature rarely drops below -15 °C (5 °F), however, it can do it in very cold periods, which in the past were more frequent; here are some values recorded in the past: January 1940: -17 °C (1 °F); January 1942: -24 °C (-11 °F); February 1956: -18 °C (0 °F); January 1963: -16 °C (3 °F); January 1979: -17 °C (1 °F); January 1985: -14.5 °C (6 °F); February 1986: -16 °C (3 °F); January 1987: -17 °C (1 °F).
Snowfalls in Essen are quite frequent, though usually not abundant, and occur in the form of sleet or light snow, sometimes, however, snow can accumulate on the ground, and last for many days, if it occurs during cold waves.

Spring, from March to May, is initially cold, with possible snowfalls still in March, and then it gradually becomes milder in April and May, although some cold days, with highs around 10 °C (50 °F), can occur even in May, especially in the first half of the month. However, April and May are, albeit slightly, the least rainy and cloudy months.
Typically, in the second half of May the temperature becomes permanently acceptable, and there can be the first pleasantly warm days, with highs around 25 °C (77 °F) or even above.

Summer, from June to August, is mild, and the flow of Atlantic fronts does not cease even in this season. The wind blows quite often from the North Sea, which is not far, and even rainfall is quite frequent.
However, there are pleasant periods, with daytime temperatures between 20 °C and 25 °C (68 °F and 77 °F), but also cooler periods, with temperatures remaining below 20 °C (68 °F) even during the day. At night it can be a bit cold, in fact the temperature can drop below 10 °C (50 °F) even in July and August. Sometimes there can be hot days, with the temperature reaching 30/32 °C (86/90 °F); more rarely, it can even exceed 35 °C (95 °F).

Autumn, from September to November, is initially pleasant, ie in the first half of September, then it gradually becomes more cold, dull, wet and windy. The first night frosts usually occur in November, but sometimes also in October.


The amount of sunshine in Essen is not high: the sun rarely shines from November to February, while it goes a bit better from May to August, when the weather is variable, and between one disturbance and another the sun can come out. There are on average 6/7 hours of sunshine per day from May to August, as can be seen from the data of nearby Düsseldorf.
Dusseldorf - Sunshine

Best Time

The best time to visit Essen runs from mid-May to mid-September because it's the mildest of the year. July and August are the warmest months. However, it's better to bring a sweatshirt or sweater, a light jacket and an umbrella, for cool and rainy days.