The climate of Jinan is continental, with cold and dry winters, and hot and humid summers. The city is located in north-central China, at 36 ° north latitude, 180 kilometres (110 miles) away from the sea: the position in a plain and the distance from the sea make the summer heat intense and annoying, while in winter, cold air can stagnate on the ground.
Here are the average temperatures.
Jinan - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-4-24111722242218124-2
Max (°C)471322273232312721136
Min (°F)252839526372757264543928
Max (°F)394555728190908881705543

The capital of the province of Shandong, Jinan is also one of the ancient Chinese capitals; today it is a metropolis of millions of inhabitants, polluted as often happens in big Chinese cities.
Precipitation amounts to about 670 millimetres (26 inches) per year; owing to the monsoon, the rainiest season is summer, while the driest is winter. Here is the average precipitation.
Jinan - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)5101525458020017060351510670
Prec.(in)0.20.40.611.83.17.96.72.41.40.60.426.4
Days3345681312654373

Winter, from December to February, is cold and dry: the average January temperature is 0 degrees Celsius (32 °F), but sunny days are quite frequent. Precipitation is rare and not abundant, however, given the low temperatures, there may be some snowfalls, generally light. The cold wind from the north can bring cold waves, with minimum temperatures around -15 °C (5 °F), as well as the dust of the Gobi Desert. On other occasions, especially in December and February, there may also be quite mild periods, with maximum temperatures around 10/12 °C (50/54 °F).

In spring, from March to May, the temperature increases, while rainy days become gradually more frequent. In March and April, the clash between air masses can cause sand storms. In May there may already be very hot days, especially at the end of the month.

Summer, from June to August, is hot and muggy; owing to the Asian monsoon, it is the rainiest season (actually, it is the only really rainy season). June is already a hot month, but generally the rains and the muggy heat come in July, or during the month of June. However, the rains display an erratic pattern from year to year. The amount of sunshine is fairly good, but considering the length of the days it is slightly lower than in the other seasons. The rains occur mainly in the form of downpour or thunderstorm. Periods of good weather during the summer can be very hot, with highs around 38 °C (100 °F), and in these cases the heat does not give relief even at night. Usually August is not as hot as June and July, but it is more sultry.

Autumn, from September to November, is initially warm, and gradually becomes milder, and then quite cold by November, but sometimes it can get cold at night already in October. The rains decrease and become rare enough.

Jinan, Daming Lake

The amount of sunshine in Jinan is good all year round, and as mentioned it decreases slightly in summer because of the monsoon.
Jinan - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours667899777765

From July to early October (and occasionally also in the second half of June), Jinan can be affected by typhoons, the tropical cyclones of South-East Asia, although this area of China is less exposed than the south.

South of Jinan, and just north of the city of Tai'an, we find Mount Tai (Tai Shan), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and one of five sacred mountains of Taoism. The mountain rises directly from the plain; from the top (called Jade Emperor), located at 1,545 meters (5,069 ft), you have a beautiful view of the city. Here the winter is freezing, although dry (but sometimes it can snow), while the summer is cool, but even more rainy than the plains. Precipitation amounts to 1,100 mm (43 in) per year, of which 700 mm (27.5 in) from June to August. Here are the average temperatures.
Tai Shan - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-11-9-42812151493-3-9
Max (°C)-4-3291519201915103-2
Min (°F)121625364654595748372716
Max (°F)252736485966686659503728

When to go


The best times to visit Jinan are spring and autumn, ie from the end of March to mid-May and from mid-September to the end of October. In April and October at night it can sometimes be cold, with lows around freezing.