New Brunswick, map

Index


Introduction



The climate of New Brunswick, a province of eastern Canada, is continental, with freezing, snowy winters and pleasantly warm summers. Although New Brunswick is a maritime province, facing the sea on two sides (the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the east and the Bay of Fundy to the south), winter is very cold because air masses generally come from the interior, moreover, a cold current flows in the sea.
During cold spells, the temperature can drop to -30 °C (-22 °F) or even below. In January 1994, it dropped to -35 °C (-31 °F) in Bathurst, and to -31 °C (-24 °F) in Fredericton and Moncton. In summer, hot days, with highs of 30/32 °C (86/90 °F), are possible but quite rare. In 2001, the temperature reached 34 °C (93 °F) in Bathurst, and 35 °C (95 °F) in Fredericton and Moncton.

Precipitation is fairly well distributed throughout the year, and hovers around 1,000/1,100 millimeters (40/43 inches) per year in the center-north, while it reaches 1,200/1,300 mm (47/51 in) on the southern coast. Snowfalls are abundant: generally, 2-3 meters (6.5/10 feet) of snow fall per year, although in Grand Maran, the southernmost island, it drops below 2 meters (6.5 ft).
The province is fairly flat, although in the interior there are hills, the highest point of which is Mount Carleton, 820 meters (2,690 feet) high.
In winter, the sea, in the areas where it is most closed (Chaleur Bay, Northumberland Strait) can be frozen.
From mid-July to early September, whales can be observed in the Bay of Fundy.
In the south, in the bay of Fundy, there are the highest tides in the world, as many as 12 meters (39 feet) high.

Hopewell Rocks

The north



Campbellton

Campbellton is located in the far north of the province, on the estuary of the Restigouche River, beyond which is the city of Pointe-à-la-Croix, Quebec.
The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is of -14.5 °C (6 °F), that of the warmest month (July) is of 17.1 °C (63 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
Campbellton - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-20-19-12-428111050-6-15
Max (°C)-9-7071521242216102-6
Min (°F)-4-21025364652504132215
Max (°F)161932455970757261503621

Precipitation amounts to 1,025 millimeters (40.4 inches) per year. Here is the average precipitation.
Campbellton - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)7060757585951051109590901001025
Prec.(in)2.82.4333.33.74.14.33.73.53.53.940.4
Days121011101312141312131314147

On average, there are around 1,965 sunshine hours per year. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Campbellton - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours345678886433

Bathurst

Bathurst is located more to the south than Campbellton, and more directly on the coast.
The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is of -10.9 °C (12 °F), that of the warmest month (July) is of 19 °C (66 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
Bathurst - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-16-15-9-2410131272-3-10
Max (°C)-6-4281622252420125-2
Min (°F)3516283950555445362714
Max (°F)212536466172777568544128

Precipitation amounts to 1,110 millimeters (43.7 inches) per year. On average, as high as 333 cm (131 inches) of snow fall per year. Usually it snows from November to April. Here is the average precipitation.
Bathurst - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)856590801059510080851251051001110
Prec.(in)3.32.63.53.14.13.73.93.13.34.94.13.943.7
Days131012131513151312141414157

On average, there are around 2,155 sunshine hours per year. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Bathurst - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours455678986543

The sea temperature ranges between 0 °C (32 °F) and 16 °C (61 °F). So, it never becomes warm for swimming. Here are the average sea temperatures.
Bathurst - Sea temperature
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Temp (°C)00015101516141062
Temp (°F)323232344150596157504336

Edmundston


Still in the north, but inland, we find Edmundston. The city is crossed by the Saint John River, which will then pass through Fredericton and will flow into the sea near Saint John.
The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is of -12.8 °C (9 °F), that of the warmest month (July) is of 18.1 °C (65 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
Edmundston - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-18-18-11-338121061-4-13
Max (°C)-7-5191722252418113-4
Min (°F)001227374654504334259
Max (°F)192334486372777564523725
 
Precipitation amounts to 1,010 millimeters (39.8 inches) per year. On average, 258 cm (102 inches) of snow fall per year. Usually it snows from November to early April. Here is the average precipitation.
Edmundston - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)80605560909511595959590801010
Prec.(in)3.12.42.22.43.53.74.53.73.73.73.53.139.8
Days108891212121111121210128
 
On average, there are around 1,860 sunshine hours per year. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Edmundston - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours345678876422
 

The south



In the south, the climate is not much different from that of the north, however, the winter is a little less cold, while the summer is not much warmer, especially along the coast, where it is actually cooler, due to the influence of the sea.

Fredericton


Fredericton, the capital, is located in the south, but in the interior.
The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is of -9.4 °C (15 °F), that of the warmest month (July) is of 19.4 °C (67 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
Fredericton - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-14-13-70510131383-2-10
Max (°C)-4-23101823252420136-1
Min (°F)7919324150555546372814
Max (°F)252837506473777568554330

Precipitation amounts to 1,095 millimeters (43.1 inches) per year. On average, 215 cm (85 inches) of snow fall per year. Usually it snows from mid-November to early April. Here is the average precipitation.
Fredericton - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)1007090801058590859590110901095
Prec.(in)3.92.83.53.14.13.33.53.33.73.54.33.543.1
Days131012131514141314141412157
 
On average, there are around 1,970 sunshine hours per year. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Fredericton - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours455577876533

Moncton

Moncton is located in the south, near the east coast. The climate is very similar to that of Fredericton.
The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is of -8.2 °C (17 °F), that of the warmest month (July) is of 19.5 °C (67 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
Moncton - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-13-12-7-1510141393-2-8
Max (°C)-3-23916222525201360
Min (°F)91019304150575548372818
Max (°F)272837486172777768554332

Precipitation amounts to 1,125 millimeters (44.3 inches) per year. On average 282 cm (111 inches) of snow fall per year. Usually it snows from mid-November to mid-April. Here is the average precipitation.
Moncton - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)100851059010090857595105951001125
Prec.(in)3.93.34.13.53.93.53.333.74.13.73.944.3
Days151214141513121111131515161

On average, there are around 1,970 sunshine hours per year. Here are the average sunshine hours per day.
Moncton - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours455678886543

Saint John

Saint John is located on the southern coast, in the bay of Fundy. Here are the average temperatures.
Saint John - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-13-13-7-148121183-2-9
Max (°C)-2-22815202322181260
Min (°F)9919303946545246372816
Max (°F)282836465968737264544332

Grand Manan

The island of Grand Manan is located south of the province, between the Gulf of Maine and the Bay of Fundy, and in winter it is the mildest area, while in summer it is quite cool.
At Seal Cove, the average temperature of the coldest month (January) is of -4.6 °C (24 °F), that of the warmest month (August) is of 16.1 °C (61 °F). Here are the average temperatures.
Seal Cove - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-9-9-40481111840-6
Max (°C)003814182121181372
Min (°F)161625323946525246393221
Max (°F)323237465764707064554536

Precipitation amounts to 1,250 millimeters (49.2 inches) per year. On average, 169 cm (67 inches) of snow fall per year. Usually it snows from late November to early April. Here is the average precipitation.
Seal Cove - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)130901151001008075751151251351201250
Prec.(in)5.13.54.53.93.93.1334.54.95.34.749.2
Days131013151616151516161614174

When to go


The best time to visit New Brunswick is from June to September, as it is the mildest of the year. July and August are the warmest months.

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