In Aruba, the climate is tropical, hot all year round: daytime temperatures hover around 29/31 degrees Celsius (84/88 °F) throughout the year, the air is muggy, but the wind tempers the heat.
The trade winds blow constantly, and the east coast is affected by strong sea currents, while the western and southern coasts are more sheltered, and made of sandy beaches.
Aruba is a constituent part of the Netherlands. Together with Curaçao, Bonaire and some islands of Venezuela, it is catalogued among the Leeward Antilles, namely those islands that have an arid climate in comparison with the rest of the Caribbean, as evidenced by the vegetation consisting mainly of shrubs and cacti. The three islands that once belonged to the Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire) are sometimes called ABC Islands.
Here are the average temperatures of the capital, Oranjestad.
Oranjestad - Average temperatures
Min (°C)242425252626262626262625
Max (°C)292930303131313131313029
Min (°F)757577777979797979797977
Max (°F)848486868888888888888684

Precipitation is scarce, in fact, it amounts to around 500 millimeters (20 inches) per year. The only fairly rainy period is from October to December, when 80/95 mm (3/3.7 in) or rain fall per month. This happens because of the north-east trade winds, which can cause rain showers quite frequently also in January and in the first half of February. The driest months are March, April and May, with less than 10/15 mm (0.3/0.8 inches) per month. Here is the average precipitation.
Oranjestad - Average precipitation

Aruba is a flat island, and owing to the scarcity of rain water and streams, the water is desalinated from the sea.
The amount of sunshine is good all year round, as can be seen in the following table.
Oranjestad - Sunshine


The sea in Aruba is warm enough to swim in throughout the year: the water temperature ranges from 26 °C (79 °F) in the January-April period to 29 °C (84 °F) in October. Here are the average sea temperatures.
Oranjestad - Sea temperature
Temp (°C)262626262727272828292827
Temp (°F)797979798181818282848281


From June to November, but especially from August to October, there is the danger of tropical storms and hurricanes, which, however, are rare at these latitudes, in fact, Aruba is located at the southern edge of the hurricane belt. Anyway, it's not impossible that hurricanes could hit Aruba, as happened with Hurricane Irene in September 1971, Joan in October 1988, Bret (tropical storm) in August 1993, Ivan in September 2004, Felix in September 2007, and Omar in October 2008.

Best Time

The best time to visit Aruba is from mid-February to May, since it is the least rainy period of the year, and also outside of the period of hurricanes. The period from May to October is more sultry, even though the trade winds make the heat more bearable. In the period from October to December, rainfall is moderate but not excessive, and at times, this relatively rainy period continues until January or mid-February.

What to pack

All year round: bring tropics-friendly, light clothes made of cotton or linen, and possibly a light raincoat for thunderstorms, especially from October to January. Those who are sensitive to cold can bring a light sweatshirt for the evening.
When going to the reef, you can bring snorkeling equipment, including water shoes or rubber-soled shoes.