Index


Introduction



In Serbia, the climate is moderately continental, with cold winters and hot summers.
The country can be affected by cold air masses of Siberian origin as well as by warm air masses from the Mediterranean Sea or even from Africa, so the temperature can vary greatly depending on weather situation.

Precipitation follows different patterns depending on area, but June is quite rainy in almost all of the country, mainly because of afternoon thunderstorms, which can occur from May and reach a peak in June, while they decrease in July and August, without disappearing completely until the end of summer.
For the rest, the western regions receive generally more rainfall than the eastern ones; in the former, the months of November, December and January are quite rainy (or snowy) as well.
Annual precipitation drops below 600 millimeters (23.5 inches) in northern Vojvodina, on the border with Hungary and Romania; it is around 600 mm (23.5 in) in eastern Serbia, on the border with Romania and Bulgaria, and in the south; it's between 600 and 700 mm (23 and 27 in) in central Serbia and in Belgrade; and finally it exceeds 700 mm (27 in) in western Serbia.
In Kosovo, annual precipitation is around 800 mm (31.5 in) in the western part (Pec, Prizren), while it's considerably lower in the eastern part (Mitrovica, Priština), where it's around 550/600 mm (22/24 in).
In mountainous regions, which are rainier in summer and snowier in winter, precipitation exceeds 1,000 mm (40 in) per year.
August and September are typically the months with the lowest number of rainy days.
In winter, even where precipitation is not abundant, the frequency is still fairly high, which means that there are frequent snowfalls, though typically not abundant.

The seasons



Winter, from December to February, is quite cold. Some periods are cloudy or foggy, with temperatures around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F). In other periods, there are cold winds of Arctic or Russian origin, which break out violently in the country, and are followed by intense frosts, when cold air settles on the ground. In these situations (which, however, were more frequent in the past), the night temperature can drop to -20 °C (-4 °F) or below.
On other occasions, mild air masses from the Mediterranean Sea can penetrate the country: in these cases, the daytime temperature can exceed 10 °C (50 °F), especially in the center and south, and more rarely in the north.

Spring is an unstable season, characterized by mild periods alternating with the return of cold weather, during which late snowfalls can occur, in March and sometimes even in April.

Summer, from June to August, is warm to hot and quite sunny, with a wide daily temperature range, and generally with cool nights. In fact, lows in July and August are often around 15/17 °C (59/62 °F) and highs a bit below 28/30 °C (82/86 °F). But at times, hot air masses from Africa can reach the country, and in this cases, owing to continentality (e.g. the distance from the sea and the lack of breezes), the heat becomes oppressive, with temperatures reaching or exceeding 40 °C (104 °F). However, usually these periods do not last long.

Autumn is not very rainy, in fact the bulk of the moisture carried by Atlantic frontal systems is deposited as precipitation on the western side, in the countries overlooking the Adriatic Sea. Only in the westernmost area, autumn is rainy, at least in November.

Plains



The central-northern part of Serbia (Vojvodina and Belgrade District), where the two largest cities lie (Belgrade, Novi Sad), is flat. In the plains, the average temperatures in January are around freezing in the north (see Subotica, Palic, Novi Sad) and 1 °C (34 °F) in Belgrade, while they are around 22/23 °C (72/73 °F) in July and August.

Belgrade

Here are the average temperatures of Belgrade, the capital.
Belgrade - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-2-1381215171613830
Max (°C)461219232729292418126
Min (°F)283037465459636155463732
Max (°F)394354667381848475645443

In Belgrade, rainfall amounts to around 700 mm (27 in) a year. The relatively drier seasons are winter and summer, while the wettest months are May and June, mainly due to afternoon thunderstorms, which can occur even in mid-summer, but in this season they become less frequent. Here is the average precipitation.
Belgrade - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)454545557595605550556055695
Prec.(in)1.81.81.82.233.72.42.222.22.42.227.4
Days98789855479988

The amount of sunshine in Belgrade is good from May to September, while it's poor or mediocre from November to January, when gray skies predominate.
Belgrade - Sunshine
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Hours245689997532

Belgrade

While the north of Serbia is flat, in the center-south we also find hilly and mountainous areas. However, the largest cities (Kragujevac, Niš) are located at a low altitude, in valleys surrounded by hills, and have a climate similar to that of Belgrade.
In the southwest, in the district of Zlatibor, there are mountains belonging to the Dinaric Alps that reach about 1,500 meters (4,900 feet), while in the east, on the border with Bulgaria, we find Mount Midžor, 2,169 meters (7,116 feet) high, which belongs to the Balkan Mountains (Stara planina) and is the highest peak of Serbia (excluding Kosovo).
Here are the average temperatures of Sjenica, located at 1,000 meters (3,350 feet), in the Zlatibor District.
Sjenica - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-8-8-3158109620-6
Max (°C)2371218212324191583
Min (°F)181827344146504843363221
Max (°F)363745546470737566594637

Kosovo



In the south, Kosovo (which is still unclear whether it will become an autonomous region or an independent state) is occupied by hills and mountains. Here, the lower latitude is offset by the higher altitude, so much so that the temperature can be even lower than in the rest of the country.

Priština

In Priština, located at 575 meters (1,900 feet) above sea level, the monthly average temperature ranges from -1°C (30 °F) in January to 20 °C (68 °F) in July; nights remain quite cool even in summer. Here are the average temperatures.
Pristina - Average temperatures
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Min (°C)-5-3049111312951-3
Max (°C)261116212426272317104
Min (°F)232732394852555448413427
Max (°F)364352617075798173635039

In Prishtina, precipitation amounts to 600 mm (23.5 in) a year, so it is not abundant, but it is quite frequent; however, it is less frequent from July to September. Here is the average precipitation.
Pristina - Average precipitation
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Prec.(mm)403540507060504540457055600
Prec.(in)1.61.41.622.82.421.81.61.82.82.223.6
Days14121112131288891215133

In areas located at higher altitudes, the climate is much colder, with freezing and snowy winters and cool summers.
In Kosovo, the highest mountains are found. In the southwest, on the border with Montenegro and Albania, we find the group of the Prokletije (or Albanian Alps), which are part of the Dinaric Alps, and whose highest peak, at least in Kosovo, is Gjeravica, 2,656 meters (8,714 feet) high.
In the extreme south, on the border with Macedonia, we find the Šar Mountains (Šar-planina), whose highest peak, Great Rudoka, reaches 2,658 meters (8,720 feet), however, the most famous is Mount Ljuboten, 2,498 mt (8,196 ft) high, being separated from the others and recognizable both by Priština and by Skopje, the capital of Macedonia.

Best Time



The best time to visit Serbia and Kosovo is from May to September. In May and June, afternoon thunderstorms are possible, and less frequently also in July and August, when in return there can be hot days. In general, nights are cool, except during the most intense heat waves. Those who don't like the heat can avoid July and August. Therefore, the month of September, usually sunny and pleasantly warm, may be interesting.

What to pack



In winter: bring warm clothes, such as a sweater or fleece, a down jacket, a hat, gloves and a scarf, a raincoat or umbrella.

In summer: bring light clothes, T-shirts and shorts, but also long pants, a light jacket and a sweatshirt for the evening; a raincoat or umbrella.

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