Map from Google - Micronesia
In the Federated States of Micronesia, the climate is equatorial
, ie hot, humid and rainy throughout the year.
The temperature is definitely stable throughout the year, around 72/77 °F at night and 86/90 °F during the day; it rarely drops below 68 °F, while sometimes it can reach 93/95 °F.
Here are the average temperatures of Palikir.
Average temperatures - Palikir
The islands are located just north of the Equator, and are affected by the northeast trade winds, at least in the cooler "winter" months.
The amount of sunshine
, given the frequent rains, is never excellent but neither too low, as the rains occur in the form of short and intense showers.
The annual precipitation
is abundant, and ranges from 100 to 200 inches, but in the windward slopes of the larger islands (such as Pohnpei and Kosrae), in which there are some hills, it can exceed 235 inches per year, that is, 20 feet! Mount Nahnalaud, 2.460 feet high, on the island of Pohnpei, is one of the wettest places on Earth, with 400 in of rain per year, and is often covered by clouds.
The capital Palikir
, in the island of Pohnpei (ex Ponape), receives almost 190 in of rain per year, with a minimum of 10.2 inches in February and a maximum of 19.3 inches in May. Here is the average precipitation.
Average precipitation - Palikir
The driest islands are the flat atolls, where there are no hills and mountains which could enhance the formation of thunderclouds: in these cases, precipitation can drop below 160 inches per year, and in some cases even below 120 in.
However, the rainfall pattern is quite irregular from year to year, because the country is affected by the so called ENSO
cycle: in particular, the phenomenon known as El Niño
can cause drought in this area of the Pacific.
In the westernmost island, Yap
, 120 in of rain per year fall; the period from February to April is (relatively) drier, not exceeding 6.3 inches per month.
the total rainfall is 140 inches per year, from 6.7 inches in February to 14 inches in May. From January to March, precipitation drops below 10 inches per month.
In the southern island of Nukuoro
, the annual rainfall amounts to 160 in, and the trend is different, because it drops below 12 inches per month from September to December; in the even more southerly Kapingamarangi
the total amounts to 120 in, and it drops below 10 in from August to December, and below 8 inches in September and October.
Micronesia may be affected by the tropical cyclones
of the North Pacific Ocean, known in this area as typhoons, which occur in the period from June to November. Sometimes typhoons have developed outside of this period, as has been the case with Pamela (May 1976), Isa (April 1997), Mitag (February-March 2002) and Sudal (April 2004). An exception is the southern atoll of Kapingamarangi, which is sheltered from typhoons, because it's located near the Equator.
in Micronesia is pleasantly warm all year round, and has a very stable temperature, as we can see in the following table.
Sea temperature - Palikir
When to go
The best time
to visit Micronesia is from February to April in the westernmost islands (Yap Islands), and from January to March in the central-eastern islands (Caroline), being the driest (or rather the least rainy). Typically February is the driest month of all. However, considering the risk of typhoons, which as mentioned have occurred, though rarely, from late February, to be sure, you can choose the period mid-December to mid-February.
What to pack
All year round, tropics-friendly, loose fitting clothing, sun hat, a scarf for the breeze, a light sweatshirt for the evening, light raincoat or umbrella.