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Climate - Haiti

Temperature, rainfall, prevailing weather conditions, when to go, what to pack

United States version (°F - inches - feet). See also the metric version (°C - mm - meters)

Flag - Haiti

Map - Haiti

In Haiti the climate is tropical, hot throughout the year, with highs around 84/86 degrees Fahrenheit in the cooler months (November to March) and 90/91 °F in the warmest months (May to October). The temperatures are a bit higher in inland plains and south facing coasts, and slightly lower along the north facing coasts.
From November to March, the trade winds from the northeast prevail.
The warmest season is also more humid, so in this period the heat gets annoying, though along the coast it's tempered by the breezes.
From December to March, however, sometimes the north-west cool wind, coming from the United States, can lower the temperature by a few degrees, bringing the night temperatures below 68 °F.
Here are the average temperatures of Port-au-Prince, located in a particularly sheltered and warm area.
Port au Prince average temperatures
Port-au-Prince J F M A M J J A S O N D
Min (°F) 68 68 70 72 72 73 73 73 73 72 72 70
Max (°F) 88 88 90 90 90 91 93 93 91 90 88 88

With regard to the rains, there is usually a dry season from December to February, and a rainy season from April to October, with with two peaks at the beginning and the end of the period, and a relative pause in July. This is the trend that is observed in the capital, Port-Au-Prince, where a total of 49 inches of rain per year fall.
Here is the average precipitation in Port-au-Prince.
Average precipitation Port-au-Prince
Port-au-Prince J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Prec. (in) 1.2 1.4 3.0 6.1 7.5 4.3 2.6 5.3 6.5 6.3 3.1 1.8 49.0
Days 3 5 7 11 13 8 7 11 12 12 7 3 99

In other areas, there are microclimates with some variations from this pattern: the coasts exposed to the northeast trade winds are rainy even in winter, especially in the first part, so that the rainiest period goes from November to January. This happens in the northern coast, (see Cap-Haïtien), and and to a lesser extent in the north-facing coast of the Department of Grand Anse (see Jérémie).
Here the average rainfall in Cap-Haïtien.
Average precipitation Cap Haïtien
Cap-Haïtien J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Prec. (in) 5.1 4.3 3.5 4.7 7.5 6.1 3.7 3.9 5.9 6.7 8.3 7.1 66.9
Days 10 8 9 9 12 12 14 14 15 16 12 11 142

Moving inland, we find some hills and in the south some mountains, among which the highest is Pic la Selle, 8,793 feet high; in this area, there are also sheltered valleys and plains, which are almost dry.
As generally happens in the tropical climate, the rains in Haiti occur mostly in the form of short, intense showers or thunderstorms in the evening, which do not affect much the amount of sunshine, except perhaps in September and October, which are typically the rainiest months, and when thunderstorms are more frequent and may last longer.
From June to November, in Haiti as commonly happens the Caribbean, it's the period of hurricanes, which although rarely hit directly a particular location, they are dangerous and may sometimes be destructive. However, they are most likely from August to October.
The sea in Haiti is warm all year round: on the northern coast, the sea surface temperature goes from 79 °F from February to April, to 84 °F from July to October, while at Port-au-Prince it's just slightly warmer, as we can see from the following table.
Sea temperature Port Au Prince
Port-Au-Prince J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sea (°F) 81 81 81 81 82 82 84 84 84 84 84 82

When to go

The best time to visit the capital and the south-central area of Haiti is from December to March. During summer, when there's no shortage of sunshine, but the heat is sweltering and besides there is the risk of hurricanes, the best month (or the less worse) is July because it generally sees a certain decrease in rainfall.
On the northern coast of Haiti, given the frequent rains lingering on until December, you can choose January, February and March. Even the northern coasts experience a decrease in rainfall in July.
Winter is warm enough for a beach vacation, even though Haiti is not a peaceful country in socio-economic terms, and it's not equipped for this type of activity.

What to pack

From November to April: light clothes, a sweatshirt for the evening; for the mountains, a jacket and hiking boots.
From May to October, lightweight clothing, possibly a light sweatshirt and a light raincoat for thunderstorms; a sweatshirt or sweater for the mountains.

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Dominican Republic
Turks and Caicos

Metric version (°C)
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