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Climate - Czech Republic

Temperature, rainfall, prevailing weather conditions, when to go, what to pack

United States version (°F - inches - feet). See also the metric version (°C - mm - meters)

Flag - Czech Republic

The climate of the Czech Republic is moderately continental, with cold winters (during which the temperature is often below freezing) and warm summers, during which the nights remain cool.
The majority of the Czech Republic is located at altitudes between 650 and 1,650 feet, and has a fairly homogeneous climate. The capital Prague is distributed between 700 and 1,300 feet.

Precipitation is fairly frequent, but it's not abundant in most of the country, around 15/20 inches per year; however, being scarcer in the winter months (when the vegetation goes to rest) and more abundant in late spring and summer, it's generally sufficient for agriculture. The only moderately rainy area are that of the Sudetes Range, where rainfall exceeds 40 inches per year, that at the foot of the same mountain range (in Ostrava, precipitation exceeds 27.5 inches per year), and that of the south-west, along the border with Germany and Austria.
Here is the average precipitation in the capital Prague, where 20.7 in of rain or snow per year fall.
Average precipitation Prague
Prague J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Prec. (in) 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.5 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.0 20.7
Days 7 6 6 7 10 10 9 9 7 6 7 7 90

Winter snowfalls are therefore frequent but generally not abundant. During the summer, on sunny days there can be thunderstorms in the afternoon, while Atlantic weather fronts, which can move over the country even in this season, may bring some cool and rainy days.
Here are the average temperatures of Prague.
Prague average temperatures
Prague J F M A M J J A S O N D
Min (°F) 22 25 30 37 45 51 53 53 48 40 32 26
Max (°F) 33 37 46 56 65 71 74 73 66 56 43 36

During winter, from December to February, in Prague and other Czech cities, the temperatures hover around freezing or just below, the weather is often dull and cloudy, and some light snowfall can occur. On the contrary, outbreaks of cold from Russia can bring frosty days, in which the temperature can drop to -4/-13 °F.

In spring, from March to May, the weather is unstable, so that the first warm days alternate with returns of cold: frosts and snowfalls are still possible in April, especially in the first part of the month. A turning point is usually the second half of May, when the maximum temperatures regularly reach 64/68 °F, and a stay in the country becomes enjoyable.

Summer, from June to August, is usually warm. There's no shortage of sunny days, during which some showers or thunderstorms in the afternoon may occur. Even in summer there can be cool and rainy days, with highs around 68 °F, alternating with warmer periods, in which the temperature may exceed for a few days 85 °F. However, we can generally expect pleasant temperatures, with highs around 72/73 °F, and lows around 54/55 °F.

Autumn, which goes from September to November, is initially pleasant in the first half of September, and becomes progressively more cloudy and cold, with some chance of rain.


In the north, in the mountainous area of the Sudetes, on the border with Poland, the temperatures decrease with altitude, especially in summer: at 2,600 feet above sea level, it is cool in summer, when the daytime temperature is typically around 64.5 °F.
The highest point in the Czech Republic is Mount Snežka, 5,259 feet high. Here are the average temperatures of the top of Mount Praded, at 4,900 feet above sea level, in the Eastern Sudetes.
Mount Praded average temperatures
Praded J F M A M J J A S O N D
Min (°F) 18 18 23 28 36 41 45 45 39 32 25 19
Max (°F) 25 25 30 34 45 50 52 54 46 39 30 27

When to go

The best time to visit the Czech Republic runs from mid-May to mid-September, being the warmest or at least the mildest. The temperatures can be cool in May and September, and sometimes in June, while they are normally higher in mid-summer (July and August).

What to pack

In winter: warm clothes, sweater, down jacket, hat, gloves, scarf.
In summer: light clothes, t-shirts and shorts, but also long pants, jacket and sweatshirt for the evening or cooler days; raincoat or umbrella.

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