Map from Google - Balearic_Islands
In the Balearic Islands, the climate is Mediterranean
, with mild winters and hot and sunny summers, a bit sultry but tempered by sea breezes. In plains and coasts, the average temperature of January and February is between 9 °C and 11 °C (48 and 52 °F), while that of July and August is about 24/24.5 °C (75/76 °F). Rainfall
is generally not abundant, since it amounts to 400/450 mm (15.5/17.5 in) per year on the coast, and follows a Mediterranean pattern, so it is more common in autumn and winter, and decreases gradually during spring, reaching its low in summer, when it almost never rains.
Here is the average precipitation in Formentera.
Average precipitation - Formentera
The Balearic Islands are pretty windy
, especially from October to April, because of the wind that blows from France. In summer, sea breezes blow, but they are welcome because they make the heat more bearable.
In addition to these general features, there are differences
that are worthy of note:
- The easternmost islands (Mallorca and Menorca) are the windiest, being closer to France.
- Mallorca (or Majorca) is a bit more continental, that is, a bit colder in winter and warmer in summer, because it is larger, and because in the north it is crossed by a mountain range, Sierra de Tramontana
, which somehow isolates the inland plain. Additionally, this mountain range, whose highest peak is Puig Major
, 1,445 metres (4,741 feet) high, is rainier and greener: precipitation reaches 1,200 millimetres (47 inches) per year, while in winter it can see the snow.
Here are the average temperatures of Palma de Majorca.
Average temperatures - Palma
- Menorca (or Minorca), the easternmost island, is the rainiest: rainfall reaches 600 mm (23.5 in) per year, although there are no hills or mountains; usually the difference is noticeable especially in autumn, when the rains can sometimes be abundant.
- Formentera and Ibiza, the southernmost and farthest from France, are slightly milder and less windy in the cold half-year.
Here are the average temperatures of Ibiza.
Average temperatures - Ibiza
The temperature of the sea
is fairly uniform in the archipelago; the sea is warm enough for swimming from July to September; in June and October it's cool, but overall acceptable. Here are the temperature of the sea in Ibiza; in Menorca, the most northern and most exposed to the north wind, the sea is just less warm in summer: it reaches 25 °C (77 °F) in August.
Sea temperature - Ibiza
When to go
The best time
to visit the Balearics for beach life is the summer, from June to mid-September. For swimming, the best period goes from July to September, although in September, which overall is still a good month (especially in the first half), the first Atlantic disturbances begin to pass. May and June are sunny months, but the sea is still a bit cool, especially in May, when it is actually a bit cold, and sometimes even the air can be a little cold.
April and May are suitable for visiting the islands and their cities, while in summer it can sometimes be hot for hiking. In October and November the temperatures are mild, but the days are shorter and the weather can be rainy and windy.