Map from Google - Ireland
The island of Ireland has an oceanic climate
, cool and damp, cloudy and rainy throughout the year. Both the diurnal and annual temperature ranges are narrow, so both the summer heat and the winter frost are rare.
Here are the average temperatures of Dublin
, the capital city, located on the east coast.
Average temperatures - Dublin
In Kerry, located on the southwest coast and more exposed to the Atlantic currents, the temperatures are slightly higher in winter and lower in summer.
Here are the average temperatures.
Average temperatures - Kerry
In Ireland, Atlantic weather fronts move relentlessly one after another over the country, resulting in a rapid succession of cloudiness and sunshine, rain or showers and subsequent improvements. Totally sunny days are rare: it's easier that the weather is variable or unstable, and in the interludes between disturbances you can expect, more than clear skies, banks of clouds running in the sky.
in Ireland is frequent and lively, although it is generally stronger between late autumn and early spring. The windiest areas are the northern ones, which are literally windswept; those (relatively) less windy are the inland south-eastern areas (see Thurles, Kilkenny).
is frequent throughout the island, but especially along the west coast, where it rains on average even more than once every two days; the rain is more abundant on the slopes of western hills, where more than 2,000 millimetres per year fall. The least rainy area is the eastern one, where Dublin is located: here the rainfall is around 760 mm per year.
Here is the average precipitation in Dublin.
Average precipitation - Dublin
In Cork, on the south coast, 1,200 mm of rain per year fall. Here is the average precipitation.
Average precipitation - Cork
in Ireland, from December to February, is pretty cold but not freezing. The sky is often cloudy, the rains are frequent, and the intense low pressure areas can cause wind storms. The temperatures at night hover on average around 1/2 °C in the inland areas, and around 2/3 °C along the coasts, while the maxima range from 6/7 °C in inland areas, to 7/8 °C along the coasts. The south-west coast (in towns like Kerry, Waterville and Cahirciveen, and in the island of Valentia) has a mild climate, in fact here the average temperature in the coldest months goes from 5 °C at night to 10 °C during the day (as we have already seen in the table of the temperatures of Kerry), and frosts are virtually absent, so that here even sub-tropical plants can grow.
During milder periods, when southern air masses prevail, the temperature in Ireland can reach 15 °C even in winter.
Cold waves are rare, and are usually short, because after them, the westerlies start to blow again soon. Even snowfall is quite rare: on average, it occurs for a few days in a year, and may not fall for an entire winter. The night temperature falls below freezing, usually slightly, for about twenty days each year in Dublin, but only in the coldest winters it can drop to about -10 °C. In most cases, during clear nights there can be light frosts, and nothing more.
In Ireland there are no major mountain ranges, however, in the hills south of Dublin (Wicklow Mountains) and more rarely in the western highlands, with reach about a thousand metres in height, during winter the rain can turn into snow above 400/500 metres.
, from March to May, initially cold, remains very cool or still cold in April, and sometimes in May; usually the temperature becomes quite mild only from the second half of May, when, however, nights can still be quite cold. In return, spring is the (relatively) least rainy season and the sunniest of the year.
, from June to August, the temperatures are cool: the average highs are around 16/17 °C in Ulster and northern areas, 17/18 °C in central areas, and 18/19 °C in the south, while lows swing around 11/12 °C everywhere. The temperature rarely exceeds 25 °C, and this happens only in the rare and short periods when the Azores High moves over the country, and it almost never reaches 30 °C.
, from September to November, is cloudy and rainy, windy at times, with little room for the sun.
does not invite you to swim, because the water temperature reaches only 15 °C in July and August.
Sea temperature - Dublin
When to go
The best time to visit Ireland is from mid-May to August
: the rains are frequent, the air is often very cool (especially in May), it's better to bring a jacket and umbrella (or raincoat as it often rains in the wind), but the days are long, and there's some hope for the sun to peek through the clouds. May and June are cooler than July and August, but on the other hand they are (relatively) sunnier, and you can enjoy nature in bloom.
In September, the temperatures are still acceptable, but the sky is often cloudy, and the days are shorter than in the previous months.
What to pack
In winter: warm clothes, sweater, coat, raincoat.
In summer: clothes for spring and autumn, jacket and sweater, raincoat or umbrella.