Ionian Islands, map

The Ionian Islands are located in the western part of Greece, and have a mediterranean climate, with mild, rainy winters, and hot and sunny summers.

The seven main islands (the old Heptanese) are:
- Corfu, the northernmost of the main islands and the second largest with its 592 square kilometres (228 sq mi).
- Paxos.
- Lefkada; it has an area of 336 square km (130 sq mi).
- Ithaca, 118 square km (45 sq mi).
- Kefalonia, the largest one with its 781 square kilometres (301 sq mi).
- Zakynthos (or Zante), the southernmost between the actual Ionian Islands. It has an area of 408 square km (157 sq mi).
- Cythera (or Cerigo), located south of Attica, in a position isolated from the other islands, it has also a slightly different climate: less rainy in the cold half of the year, and a little less hot in summer.
There are also some small islands:
- the Diapontian Islands, the northernmost ones, located northwest of Corfu: Erikoussa (or Merlera), Mathraki, Othoni (or Fanò).
- Kalamos, Kastos and Meganisi, between Lefkada and the mainland.
- Other islands such as Antipaxos, Arkoudi, Atokos, Oxeia.

Being outside of the area where the Meltemi blows, in these islands in summer it can get very hot: temperatures can reach 35/36 °C (95/97 °F), but sometimes even 40 °C (104 °F). In winter, you may experience periods of a few days in which a cold wind blows from the north, although a very cold weather is rare: in practice, it does not snow in the plains and it never freezes, while snowfalls may occur in the interior of the islands that are home to hills or mountains.
Here, for example, the average temperatures of Paxos.
Average temperatures - Paxos
PaxosJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
PaxosJFMAMJJASOND
Min (°C)5679131618191613107
Max (°C)141416192428313128231915
Min (°F)414345485561646661555045
Max (°F)575761667582888882736659

The rains in the Ionian Islands are quite abundant, as they generally exceed 800 millimetres (31.5 inches) per year, but above all they can be abundant from October to March, because these islands are exposed to both the sirocco and the westerly winds. In summer, it rains very rarely, as occurs in the regions having a Mediterranean climate.
Here for example, the average rainfall in Argostoli, in the island of Kefalonia.
Average precipitation - Cephalonia
CephaloniaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
CephaloniaJFMAMJJASONDY
Prec. (mm)10095756020105104095105110725
Prec.(in)3.93.732.40.80.40.20.41.63.74.14.328.5
Days131310105212410131497

The amount of sunshine in the Ionian Islands is excellent in late spring and in summer, when clear skies prevail. From November to mid-March, however, sunny days alternate with periods of bad weather.

Meganisi beach

The temperature of the sea in the Ionian Islands is high enough for swimming from July to September, while in June it is still a little cool (22 °C or 72 °F), but overall acceptable. Here, for example, the temperature of the sea in Lefkada.
Sea temperature - Lefkada
LefkadaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
LefkadaJFMAMJJASOND
Sea (°C)161515161822242625221917
Sea (°F)615959616472757977726663


The best time to go to the Ionian islands, for sunbathing and swimming in the sea, goes from June to August, or even mid-September, especially in the southern islands (Cephalonia, Zakynthos, Kythira), where summer lasts a little longer.

Back to the Greek Islands.