Map from Google - Dresden

In Dresden, city of eastern Germany, capital of the Land of Saxony and crossed by the river Elbe, the climate is moderately continental, with cold winters, in which the average temperatures are around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F), and moderately warm summers, in which the daytime temperatures hover around 24 °C (75 °F).
Here are the average temperatures.
Average temperatures - Dresden
DresdenJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
DresdenJFMAMJJASOND
Min (°C)-2-21491214141172-1
Max (°C)3481419222424191474
Min (°F)282834394854575752453630
Max (°F)373946576672757566574539

The city is exposed to both cold and warm air masses, so both the weather and the temperature are highly variable. During the warm season, from May to August, afternoon thunderstorms are possible.
Precipitation amounts to 665 millimetres (26 inches) per year, therefore it's not abundant, as is common in Eastern Europe, but it's well distributed throughout the year.
Here is the average precipitation.
Average precipitation - Dresden
DresdenJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
DresdenJFMAMJJASONDY
Prec. (mm)453545406560858550455555665
Prec.(in)1.81.41.81.62.62.43.33.321.82.22.226.2
Days109989101110881111113

Winter, from December to February, is cold, with average temperatures hovering around freezing. Actually, during winter, different situations may occur.
There may be relatively mild periods, in which Atlantic currents prevail, it can rain and the temperatures can exceed 10 °C (50 °F); in these cases, however, wind and humidity can increase the feeling of cold.
Then, there are situations in which an high pressure system dominates, and the weather is cold and gray, with night frosts and daytime temperatures around freezing, or even a little below. Later, when the westerlies start to blow again, flowing above the layer of cold air, they can bring snow, sleet, rain mixed with snow or rain that freezes.
At other times, cold air masses of Siberian origin, may cause snowfall and frost, sometimes intense. In the past, once every few years it happened that the temperature remained below freezing for an entire month; in recent years it has become more rare, however, sometimes waves of frost still occur, which may last for weeks, and in which the temperature can drop to around -20 °C (-4 °F).

Spring, from March to May, is a season characterized by an unstable weather, in which there are the first warm days, but also cold periods. March is often a cold month, with frequent snowfalls. Cold periods are still possible in April, with late snowfalls, especially in the first half of the month, but also the first mild days, in which the temperature can reach 20 °C (68 °F), especially in the second half of the month. In early May, it can still get cold; with the passing of days the first warm days occur, when the temperature can reach 25 °C (77 °F), and the first thunderstorms can break out in the afternoon.

Summer, from June to August, is pleasantly warm: daytime temperatures hover around 22 °C (72 °F) in June and 24 °C (75 °F) in July and August. However, nights are cool, and sometimes even a little cold. Atlantic depressions can arrive even in this season, bringing some cool and rainy days, while in periods of good weather the temperatures can approach 30 °C (86 °F). There is some variability from year to year: there may summers characterized by long periods of warm and sunny weather, and others in which cool and rainy weather is more frequent. However, some hot days, with highs around 28/30 °C (82/86 °F), occur almost every year; occasionally there may be even waves of intense heat, with highs about 36/37 °C (97/99 °F), but usually they only last a day or two.
On sunny days, thunderstorms can break out in the afternoon.

In autumn, from September to November, Atlantic fronts, which had never completely stopped, become more frequent, although sometimes a period of good and unseasonably warm weather can occur, a sort of Indian summer, called Altweibersommer, in September and sometimes in October. Usually, September is still an acceptable month; cold and gray weather usually arrives in the second half of October or more likely in November, when the first snowfalls are also possible.

The amount of sunshine in Dresden is never great, however it is passable from May to August, when the days are also very long, and there are about 7 hours of sunshine per day. From November to February, the sun rarely shines and the days are short.

Dresden

When to go

The best time to visit Dresden runs from mid-May to late September. In September, the days are shorter than in the previous months, but the weather is generally pleasant and crisp. However, even in summer it's better to bring some heavier clothes, like a sweatshirt or sweater, and a light jacket for cooler evenings. It may be useful also to bring an umbrella or a raincoat, for rains and thunderstorms.