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Climate - Mont St Michel

Temperature, rainfall, prevailing weather conditions, when to go

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Mont-Saint-Michel, where it is
In Mont Saint-Michel, island of the region of Normandy and Unesco World Heritage, the climate is oceanic, cool and wet for most of the year. The temperatures are similar to those of the coastal area of Normandy, as the island is located very near the coast, however, the presence of the sea creates a humid microclimate, and a bit cooler during the day, especially in summer.
Here are the average temperatures.
Mont Saint-Michel average temperatures
Mont St Michel J F M A M J J A S O N D
Min (°C) 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 13 11 9 5 4
Max (°C) 9 10 12 13 16 18 20 21 19 16 12 10

Precipitation is not particularly abundant, given that it amounts to 750 millimetres per year, but it's frequent and well distributed throughout the year, with a relative minimum in spring and summer, and a maximum in autumn and winter.
Here is the average precipitation.
Average precipitation - Mont St. Michel
Mont St Michel J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Prec. (mm) 70 50 60 50 50 55 55 55 70 80 90 70 755
Days 18 14 16 15 15 13 12 12 14 15 18 17 179

The wind blows frequently throughout the year, and can be strong, especially from November to March.

Winter, from December to February, is quite mild: the average temperature in January is 6 °C, but the air is humid, it often rains and the wind blows. The temperature can be milder, reaching 12/14 °C, when currents from the Atlantic Ocean prevail, while with cold air masses from Russia, the temperature can drop to a few degrees below freezing. In these situations of cold weather, even snowfall can occur.

Spring, from March to May, is very cool, and even cold in March, and then it becomes gradually milder with each passing week. However, there may be cold days still in April and early May. The rains are frequent, much like in the rest of the year, although in this season they are less abundant.

Summer, from June to August, is cool: the maximum temperatures reach 20/21 °C in July and August. There's no shortage of cloudy and rainy days, with highs below 20 °C, alternating with warmer and sunny periods, in which the temperature can touch or exceed 25 °C. Even in this season, it rains on average for about 12/13 days per month.

Autumn, from September to November, is initially a pleasant season, then gradually becomes more cold, cloudy and rainy.

The amount of sunshine in Mont Saint-Michel is scarce in late autumn and winter, when the sun is rarely seen, while from April to September it is acceptable.

The sea is not suitable for swimming, especially for those who suffer from the cold, being a bit cold even in summer, as it reaches 17 °C in July and September, and 18 °C August, as can be seen in the following table.
Sea temperature - Mont St. Michel
Mont St Michel J F M A M J J A S O N D
Sea (°C) 10 9 9 10 12 14 17 18 17 15 13 12


When to go

The best time to visit Mont Saint-Michel is summer, from June to August or mid-September. You may need a sweatshirt, a light jacket and umbrella, especially in June and September. July and August are the warmest months, but it should be remembered that being in high season, especially in August, there are many visitors.
To visit Mont-Saint-Michel you should check the tide timetables: the strongest (and therefore the most spectacular) tides, occur 36 to 48 hours after full moon and new moon, though it depends also on weather conditions. There are, however, specific timetables, showing the prediction of the daily tides for the next months. When on the spot you must pay attention to the rapid return of the tide, which can take by surprise those who may be late on the beach, where there is also quicksand.

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